open access

Vol 91, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2020-03-31
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Factors affecting puberty gingivitis in Polish girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Joanna Glowacka, Justyna Opydo-Szymaczek, Katarzyna Mehr, Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka, Jakub Glowacki
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2020.0025
·
Pubmed: 32266949
·
Ginekol Pol 2020;91(3):103-110.

open access

Vol 91, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2020-03-31

Abstract

Objectives: Age at menarche and hormonal disturbances have been linked to the occurrence and severity of adolescent
idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Concomitantly, an increase in the production of sex hormones during puberty may result in steroid
hormones-related gingivitis. Thus, the study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors affecting puberty gingivitis,
including menarcheal status, in female patients with AIS and control subjects.
Material and methods: The study group was comprised of 59 girls aged 12–16 years with AIS and 50 healthy controls. Dental
examination included the assessment of oral hygiene, gingivitis, and dental caries intensity. Data were statistically analyzed
with a significance taken as p < 0.05.
Results: There wasn’t any statistically significant difference in the age at menarche and menarcheal status of both groups. During
regression analysis, three predictors significantly affected gingival status of girls: oral hygiene, orthopedic condition,
and laterality of the curve. Scoliosis and left convex of the curve significantly increased the index of gingival inflammation.
Conclusions: The results indicate that gingivitis is frequent among female adolescents with AIS, due to poor oral hygiene
and higher susceptibility to inflammation. It emphasizes a need for a development of preventive strategy for scoliotic patients,
since incipient periodontal problems in children may turn into irreversible advanced periodontal diseases in adults.

Abstract

Objectives: Age at menarche and hormonal disturbances have been linked to the occurrence and severity of adolescent
idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Concomitantly, an increase in the production of sex hormones during puberty may result in steroid
hormones-related gingivitis. Thus, the study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors affecting puberty gingivitis,
including menarcheal status, in female patients with AIS and control subjects.
Material and methods: The study group was comprised of 59 girls aged 12–16 years with AIS and 50 healthy controls. Dental
examination included the assessment of oral hygiene, gingivitis, and dental caries intensity. Data were statistically analyzed
with a significance taken as p < 0.05.
Results: There wasn’t any statistically significant difference in the age at menarche and menarcheal status of both groups. During
regression analysis, three predictors significantly affected gingival status of girls: oral hygiene, orthopedic condition,
and laterality of the curve. Scoliosis and left convex of the curve significantly increased the index of gingival inflammation.
Conclusions: The results indicate that gingivitis is frequent among female adolescents with AIS, due to poor oral hygiene
and higher susceptibility to inflammation. It emphasizes a need for a development of preventive strategy for scoliotic patients,
since incipient periodontal problems in children may turn into irreversible advanced periodontal diseases in adults.

Get Citation

Keywords

adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; puberty gingivitis; menarche

About this article
Title

Factors affecting puberty gingivitis in Polish girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 91, No 3 (2020)

Pages

103-110

Published online

2020-03-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2020.0025

Pubmed

32266949

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2020;91(3):103-110.

Keywords

adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
puberty gingivitis
menarche

Authors

Joanna Glowacka
Justyna Opydo-Szymaczek
Katarzyna Mehr
Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka
Jakub Glowacki

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