open access

Vol 90, No 12 (2019)
REVIEW PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-12-31
Get Citation

Changes and analysis of transvaginal forceps delivery rate in primary hospitals in the past 10 years

Liang Qiufeng, Xi Jie, Wang Xiahong, Yang Lixin
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2019.0122
·
Pubmed: 31909465
·
Ginekol Pol 2019;90(12):711-716.

open access

Vol 90, No 12 (2019)
REVIEW PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-12-31

Abstract

Objectives: This study analyzed the changes of vaginal forceps delivery rate in Jiading Maternal and Child Health Hospital
in the past 10 years in order to provide theoretical reference for reducing the rate of cesarean section and solving cephalic
dystocia.
Material and methods: The basic information, delivery means and vaginal forceps indication of 78,811 parturients who
gave birth in our hospital between January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, and statistical
analysis was carried out by analysis of variance and Chi-square test.
Results: In the past 10 years, there was a significant difference in the rate of vaginal forceps use among different years
(p < 0. 05). With 2014 as the turning point, the rate of forceps use increased the fastest, from 0.7% in 2013 to 3.3% in
2016. The main indications of forceps increased use in our hospital from high to low were fetal distress, abnormal occipital
position, prolongation of the second stage of labor and shortening of the second stage of labor. And there was significant
difference among different years (p < 0.000). Although there was no significant difference among the years of labor forceps
use in patients with prolonged second stage of labor and abnormal occipital position (p > 0.05), the proportion of forceps
delivery in the second stage of labor was gradually decreased with 2014 as the dividing line. Although there was significant
difference among the patients who shortened the second stage of labor (X2 = 23,886, p < 0.01), it ranked fourth all the time.
Conclusions: In the past 10 years, the rate of forceps use has been on the rise. With the implementation of the new stage of
labor and painless delivery in 2014, vaginal forceps have become the main means to solve the problem of cephalic dystocia.

Abstract

Objectives: This study analyzed the changes of vaginal forceps delivery rate in Jiading Maternal and Child Health Hospital
in the past 10 years in order to provide theoretical reference for reducing the rate of cesarean section and solving cephalic
dystocia.
Material and methods: The basic information, delivery means and vaginal forceps indication of 78,811 parturients who
gave birth in our hospital between January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, and statistical
analysis was carried out by analysis of variance and Chi-square test.
Results: In the past 10 years, there was a significant difference in the rate of vaginal forceps use among different years
(p < 0. 05). With 2014 as the turning point, the rate of forceps use increased the fastest, from 0.7% in 2013 to 3.3% in
2016. The main indications of forceps increased use in our hospital from high to low were fetal distress, abnormal occipital
position, prolongation of the second stage of labor and shortening of the second stage of labor. And there was significant
difference among different years (p < 0.000). Although there was no significant difference among the years of labor forceps
use in patients with prolonged second stage of labor and abnormal occipital position (p > 0.05), the proportion of forceps
delivery in the second stage of labor was gradually decreased with 2014 as the dividing line. Although there was significant
difference among the patients who shortened the second stage of labor (X2 = 23,886, p < 0.01), it ranked fourth all the time.
Conclusions: In the past 10 years, the rate of forceps use has been on the rise. With the implementation of the new stage of
labor and painless delivery in 2014, vaginal forceps have become the main means to solve the problem of cephalic dystocia.

Get Citation

Keywords

vaginal forceps; low forceps; forceps rate

About this article
Title

Changes and analysis of transvaginal forceps delivery rate in primary hospitals in the past 10 years

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 90, No 12 (2019)

Pages

711-716

Published online

2019-12-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2019.0122

Pubmed

31909465

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2019;90(12):711-716.

Keywords

vaginal forceps
low forceps
forceps rate

Authors

Liang Qiufeng
Xi Jie
Wang Xiahong
Yang Lixin

References (14)
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