open access

Vol 90, No 9 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-09-30
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Nutritional behavior in pregnancy

Natalia Misan, Katarzyna Paczkowska, Magdalena Szmyt, Katarzyna Kapska, Lidia Tomczak, Grzegorz H. Bręborowicz, Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2019.0090
·
Pubmed: 31588550
·
Ginekol Pol 2019;90(9):527-533.

open access

Vol 90, No 9 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-09-30

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to characterize nutritional behavior in pregnancy. 

Material and methods: The survey study included 250 pregnant women. The survey concerned dietary behavior reffered to the type of diet, the number of meals per day, snacking between meals, consumption of meat, fish, dairy products, bread, fruits and vegetables. 

Results: 88.8% of the respondents were not on a special diet. The most of the women ate more than three times a day. The women usually ate fruits and vegetables, yogurt and sweets as snacks between meals. The majority of respondents consumed meat and sliced meats twice or once a day with the preference of poultry. Only 17.6% of them ate fish with the recommended frequency and as much as 21.2% chose not-recommended species. Almost 29.6% of patients consumed 3 to 4 servings of milk or milk products a day and 16.8% of them excluded milk. Half of the respondents declared eating wheat bread and 24% of them chose wheat roll during pregnancy. Despite the large number of women who consumed wheat baking, a considerable amount of women chose wholemeal bread and wholemeal rolls. Nutritional behaviors were correlated with on education level and weight gain during pregnancy. 

Conclusions: The frequency of meals was adequate for the most of pregnant women as well as recommended consumption of meat with poultry preference. However, the inappropriate nutrition was also observed in a low consumption of fish and dairy products, a high consumption of wheat breadstuff and sweets, as well as in a small intake of milk. Education level and weight gain during pregnancy were associated with nutritional behaviors.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to characterize nutritional behavior in pregnancy. 

Material and methods: The survey study included 250 pregnant women. The survey concerned dietary behavior reffered to the type of diet, the number of meals per day, snacking between meals, consumption of meat, fish, dairy products, bread, fruits and vegetables. 

Results: 88.8% of the respondents were not on a special diet. The most of the women ate more than three times a day. The women usually ate fruits and vegetables, yogurt and sweets as snacks between meals. The majority of respondents consumed meat and sliced meats twice or once a day with the preference of poultry. Only 17.6% of them ate fish with the recommended frequency and as much as 21.2% chose not-recommended species. Almost 29.6% of patients consumed 3 to 4 servings of milk or milk products a day and 16.8% of them excluded milk. Half of the respondents declared eating wheat bread and 24% of them chose wheat roll during pregnancy. Despite the large number of women who consumed wheat baking, a considerable amount of women chose wholemeal bread and wholemeal rolls. Nutritional behaviors were correlated with on education level and weight gain during pregnancy. 

Conclusions: The frequency of meals was adequate for the most of pregnant women as well as recommended consumption of meat with poultry preference. However, the inappropriate nutrition was also observed in a low consumption of fish and dairy products, a high consumption of wheat breadstuff and sweets, as well as in a small intake of milk. Education level and weight gain during pregnancy were associated with nutritional behaviors.

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Keywords

nutritional behavior; proper diet; eating habits; healthy lifestyle; body mass index; weight gain

About this article
Title

Nutritional behavior in pregnancy

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 90, No 9 (2019)

Pages

527-533

Published online

2019-09-30

DOI

10.5603/GP.2019.0090

Pubmed

31588550

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2019;90(9):527-533.

Keywords

nutritional behavior
proper diet
eating habits
healthy lifestyle
body mass index
weight gain

Authors

Natalia Misan
Katarzyna Paczkowska
Magdalena Szmyt
Katarzyna Kapska
Lidia Tomczak
Grzegorz H. Bręborowicz
Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak

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