open access

Vol 90, No 7 (2019)
REVIEW PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2019-07-26
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Metrorrhagia iuvenilis and Premenstrual Syndrome as frequent problems of adolescent gynecology with aspects of diet therapy

Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka, Malgorzata Mizgier, Witold Kedzia
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2019.0072
·
Pubmed: 31392713
·
Ginekol Pol 2019;90(7):423-429.

open access

Vol 90, No 7 (2019)
REVIEW PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2019-07-26

Abstract

Painful menstruation, premenstrual syndrome and metrorrhagia iuvenilis are one of the most common problems related to the sexual cycle in adolescent girls.

Metrorrhagia iuvenilis is acyclic bleeding that occurs in adolescents and lasts from over 10 days even up to 3 months. These bleeds are very abundant and have a tendency to relapse. They cause anemia, and severe cases can be life-threatening.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a cluster of somatic, emotional and behavioural symptoms occurring in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The aetiology of PMS remains unknown. According to strict diagnostic criteria, an estimated 2.5–5% of girls and women are affected by PMS. However, some researchers maintain that the symptoms of PMS may be prevalent in as many as 40–80% of girls and women.

This article it has been discussed premenstrual syndrome and metrorrhagia iuvenilis and aspects related to dietotherapy were included.

Abstract

Painful menstruation, premenstrual syndrome and metrorrhagia iuvenilis are one of the most common problems related to the sexual cycle in adolescent girls.

Metrorrhagia iuvenilis is acyclic bleeding that occurs in adolescents and lasts from over 10 days even up to 3 months. These bleeds are very abundant and have a tendency to relapse. They cause anemia, and severe cases can be life-threatening.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a cluster of somatic, emotional and behavioural symptoms occurring in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The aetiology of PMS remains unknown. According to strict diagnostic criteria, an estimated 2.5–5% of girls and women are affected by PMS. However, some researchers maintain that the symptoms of PMS may be prevalent in as many as 40–80% of girls and women.

This article it has been discussed premenstrual syndrome and metrorrhagia iuvenilis and aspects related to dietotherapy were included.

Get Citation

Keywords

adolescent gynaecology; iuvenile metrorrhagia; premenstrual syndrome; diet therapy

About this article
Title

Metrorrhagia iuvenilis and Premenstrual Syndrome as frequent problems of adolescent gynecology with aspects of diet therapy

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 90, No 7 (2019)

Pages

423-429

Published online

2019-07-26

DOI

10.5603/GP.2019.0072

Pubmed

31392713

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2019;90(7):423-429.

Keywords

adolescent gynaecology
iuvenile metrorrhagia
premenstrual syndrome
diet therapy

Authors

Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka
Malgorzata Mizgier
Witold Kedzia

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