open access

Vol 90, No 5 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2019-05-31
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A study of physical activity levels of pregnant women using the Polish version of Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ-Pl)

Katarzyna Zdzislawa Antosiak-Cyrak, Anna Demuth
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2019.0047
·
Pubmed: 31165463
·
Ginekol Pol 2019;90(5):250-255.

open access

Vol 90, No 5 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2019-05-31

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal level of physical activity during pregnancy and discuss whether and to what extent biological, social and demographic variables affect the level of total physical activity in studied women. 

Material and methods: The respondents were 267 pregnant women from Poland aged 28.16 ± 4.67 years. The majority of women under study had a higher and a secondary education and lived in villages near Poznań, i.e. a large urban agglom- eration in Poland. Most of the women were in the first or second pregnancies, at the mean gestational age of 24th week. The study used the Polish version of PPAQ questionnaire to determine the weekly energy expenditure (MET hour/week -1) (Krzepota, Sadowska 2017). The respondents self-assessed their physical activity levels by filling in a questionnaire consist- ing of 33 items grouped into the following activity categories: household/caregiving (15 items), occupational (5 items), sports/exercises (7–9 items), transportation (3 items), and inactivity (3 items). 

Results: Pregnant women prefer physical exercises of low and moderate intensity. The test results indicated a significant im- pact of variables such as age, trimester of pregnancy, and number (sequence) of pregnancies on the women’s physical activity. 

Conclusions: The results of the present study confirm that actions propagating active lifestyles among pregnant women are necessary. It also appears that the recommendations of the Polish Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians regarding the physical activity of pregnant and postnatal women require adjustments and improvements. 

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal level of physical activity during pregnancy and discuss whether and to what extent biological, social and demographic variables affect the level of total physical activity in studied women. 

Material and methods: The respondents were 267 pregnant women from Poland aged 28.16 ± 4.67 years. The majority of women under study had a higher and a secondary education and lived in villages near Poznań, i.e. a large urban agglom- eration in Poland. Most of the women were in the first or second pregnancies, at the mean gestational age of 24th week. The study used the Polish version of PPAQ questionnaire to determine the weekly energy expenditure (MET hour/week -1) (Krzepota, Sadowska 2017). The respondents self-assessed their physical activity levels by filling in a questionnaire consist- ing of 33 items grouped into the following activity categories: household/caregiving (15 items), occupational (5 items), sports/exercises (7–9 items), transportation (3 items), and inactivity (3 items). 

Results: Pregnant women prefer physical exercises of low and moderate intensity. The test results indicated a significant im- pact of variables such as age, trimester of pregnancy, and number (sequence) of pregnancies on the women’s physical activity. 

Conclusions: The results of the present study confirm that actions propagating active lifestyles among pregnant women are necessary. It also appears that the recommendations of the Polish Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians regarding the physical activity of pregnant and postnatal women require adjustments and improvements. 

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Keywords

physical activity; pregnancy; pregnancy outcomes; excessive weight gain

About this article
Title

A study of physical activity levels of pregnant women using the Polish version of Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ-Pl)

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 90, No 5 (2019)

Pages

250-255

Published online

2019-05-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2019.0047

Pubmed

31165463

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2019;90(5):250-255.

Keywords

physical activity
pregnancy
pregnancy outcomes
excessive weight gain

Authors

Katarzyna Zdzislawa Antosiak-Cyrak
Anna Demuth

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