open access

Vol 90, No 1 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-01-31
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Effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load for patient with gestational diabetes mellitus

Shaofang Lv, Shanlan Yu, Rongxiang Chi, Dongmei Wang
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2019.0007
·
Pubmed: 30756370
·
Ginekol Pol 2019;90(1):46-49.

open access

Vol 90, No 1 (2019)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2019-01-31

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load (GL) for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Material and methods: One hundred thirty-four patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus at our hospital were selected from March 2015 to March 2017 and randomly divided into the observation (n = 67) and control groups (n = 67). All of the patients in the observation and control groups received conventional nutritional nursing. In addition, the patients in the observation group received nutritional nursing intervention based on GL. The changes in blood glucose levels and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups after intervention.

Results: There were significant differences in fasting blood glucose (FBG) and the 2h postprandial glucose (2hPG) levels between the two groups (P < 0.05). There was a lower incidence of premature delivery, fetal macrosomia, eclampsia, preg- nancy hypertension syndrome, and fetal distress in the observation group.

Conclusions: Nutritional nursing intervention based on GL is more effective than traditional nutritional nursing for patients with gestational diabetes, and can effectively control the blood glucose level, reduce the incidence of pregnant complica- tions, and improve the pregnancy outcome. Thus, nutritional nursing intervention based on GL deserves to be popularized.

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load (GL) for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Material and methods: One hundred thirty-four patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus at our hospital were selected from March 2015 to March 2017 and randomly divided into the observation (n = 67) and control groups (n = 67). All of the patients in the observation and control groups received conventional nutritional nursing. In addition, the patients in the observation group received nutritional nursing intervention based on GL. The changes in blood glucose levels and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups after intervention.

Results: There were significant differences in fasting blood glucose (FBG) and the 2h postprandial glucose (2hPG) levels between the two groups (P < 0.05). There was a lower incidence of premature delivery, fetal macrosomia, eclampsia, preg- nancy hypertension syndrome, and fetal distress in the observation group.

Conclusions: Nutritional nursing intervention based on GL is more effective than traditional nutritional nursing for patients with gestational diabetes, and can effectively control the blood glucose level, reduce the incidence of pregnant complica- tions, and improve the pregnancy outcome. Thus, nutritional nursing intervention based on GL deserves to be popularized.

Get Citation

Keywords

gestational diabetes mellitus; glycemic load; nutritional nursing; pregnancy outcome

About this article
Title

Effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load for patient with gestational diabetes mellitus

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 90, No 1 (2019)

Pages

46-49

Published online

2019-01-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2019.0007

Pubmed

30756370

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2019;90(1):46-49.

Keywords

gestational diabetes mellitus
glycemic load
nutritional nursing
pregnancy outcome

Authors

Shaofang Lv
Shanlan Yu
Rongxiang Chi
Dongmei Wang

References (9)
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