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Published online: 2023-09-28

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The effect of two anti-inflammatory dietary components, omega-3 and resveratrol, on endometriosis

Anna Sienko1, Adrianna Cichosz2, Aleksandra Urban2, Roman Smolarczyk3, Krzysztof Czajkowski2, Jacek Sienko2

Abstract

Endometriosis is an inflammatory condition defined by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. Given the substantial body of evidence supporting the role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of various chronic illnesses, the concept of an anti-inflammatory diet has garnered significant attention in recent research. Some nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids and resveratrol (RES), have demonstrated distinct anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review was to search the Embase, Medline, and PubMed databases for literature from August 2008 to August 2023 regarding the effects of two anti-inflammatory dietary components, omega-3 and RES, on endometriosis. A total of 215 records were identified, out of which 58 were screened, 23 met the eligibility criteria, and 19 were included in this review. The results of this systematic review indicate that EPA is suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties and may serve as a potential marker for illness severity. RES offers a range of advantages, including inflammation reduction, angiogenesis suppression, proliferation inhibition, and apoptosis induction. To validate these findings and assess their clinical relevance, future research and clinical trials are warranted.

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