Vol 94, No 3 (2023)
Research paper
Published online: 2023-02-20

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The potential role of preoperative cystoscopy for determining the depth of invasion in the placenta accreta spectrum

Furkan Çetin12, Seyhun Sucu2, Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan2, Özge Kömürcü Karuserci2, Çağdaş Demiroğlu3, Muhammed Hanifi Bademkiran2, Emin Sevinçler2
Pubmed: 36929798
Ginekol Pol 2023;94(3):242-248.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to determine the role of preoperative cystoscopy in specifying the degree of placental invasion to the bladder in the placenta accreta spectrum (PAS), especially in percreta. Material and methods: This prospective observational cohort study included 78 PAS patients. All included patients underwent the preoperative cystoscopy before the cesarean hysterectomy operation. The preoperative cystoscopy procedure identified markers of PAS as neovascularization, arterial pulsatility in neovascularized zones, and posterior bladder wall bulging. Then the patients were divided into subgroups according to the histopathological results of their cesarean hysterectomy specimens. Finally, the histopathological subgroups of PAS were estimated using preoperative cystoscopy signs in the designed logistic regression analysis model. Results: The preoperative cystoscopic signs such as neovascularization, the posterior bladder wall bulging, and the arterial pulsatility in neovascularized zones were approximately associated with a 17-fold [OR = 16.9 (95% CI, 5.7–49.8)], 26-fold [OR = 26.1 (95% CI, 8.17–83.8)], and 9-fold [OR = 8.94 (95% CI, 2.94–27.1)] increase in the likelihood of placenta percreta, respectively. Conclusions: Preoperative cystoscopy may significantly contributions to other standard imaging modalities to identify the degree of placental invasion, especially placenta percreta. Experienced obstetricians trained in hysteroscopic visualization may safely perform this preoperative cystoscopy procedure under the guidance of a specialist urologist. Accordingly, it may be possible to estimate the degree of invasion and the course of surgery in patients with PAS using the preoperative cystoscopy procedure.

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