Vol 93, No 9 (2022)
Review paper
Published online: 2022-06-10

open access

Page views 4478
Article views/downloads 1019
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Birth before arrival — is there anything to be afraid of?

Mateusz Strozik1, Jacek Smereka1, Michal Pomorski2
Pubmed: 35894481
Ginekol Pol 2022;93(9):761-764.

Abstract

Over the past centuries maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality has fallen dramatically. This is mainly due to the fact that we achieved a lot in the field of medicine in a very short amount of time. Evidence, mostly from Europe but also from US, suggested that home birth can be relatively safe provided the appropriate conditions are met. The question is “What if something goes wrong?” How to increase patient safety in the case of birth before arrival (BBA) or it may not be associated with any increased risk? Our study review nowadays available articles and describes rates, obstetrical characteristics and perinatal and maternal outcome of unplanned out-of-hospital deliveries.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Kildea S, McGhie AC, Gao Yu, et al. Babies born before arrival to hospital and maternity unit closures in Queensland and Australia. Women Birth. 2015; 28(3): 236–245.
  2. Bassingthwaighte M, Ballott D. Outcomes of babies born before arrival at a tertiary hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. South African Journal of Child Health. 2013; 7(4): 139.
  3. Gunnarsson B, Smárason AK, Skogvoll E, et al. Characteristics and outcome of unplanned out-of-institution births in Norway from 1999 to 2013: a cross-sectional study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014; 93(10): 1003–1010.
  4. MacDorman M, Declercq E, Mathews TJ. Recent trends in out-of-hospital births in the United States. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. 2013; 58(5): 494–501.
  5. Khupakonke S, Beke A, Amoko DHA. Maternal characteristics and birth outcomes resulting from births before arrival at health facilities in Nkangala District, South Africa: a case control study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017; 17(1): 401.
  6. Wasden SW, Chasen ST, Perlman JM, et al. Planned home birth and the association with neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Journal of Perinatal Medicine. 2017; 45(9): 1055–1060.
  7. Ovaskainen K, Ojala R, Gissler M, et al. Out-of-hospital deliveries have risen involving greater neonatal morbidity: risk factors in out-of-hospital deliveries in one University Hospital region in Finland. Acta Paediatr. 2015; 104(12): 1248–1252.
  8. Vartan CK. The lying-in hospital 1747. Proc R Soc Med. 1972; 65(5): 467–470.
  9. Willocks J, Calder AA. The Glasgow Royal Maternity Hospital 1834-1984. 150 years of service in a changing obstetric world. Scott Med J. 1985; 30(4): 247–254.
  10. Hill B. A queen's accoucheur: Sir Charles LOCOCK, M.D. (1799-1875). Practitioner. 1963; 190: 660–664.
  11. Jessney B. Joseph Lister (1827-1912): a pioneer of antiseptic surgery remembered a century after his death. J Med Biogr. 2012; 20(3): 107–110.
  12. Waszyński E. Surgical technique for cesarean section of Eduardo Porro (1842-1902) and its significance for obstetric development. In the 150th anniversary year of the method's creator. Ginekol Pol. 1994; 65(4): 196–201.
  13. Hem E, Børdahl PE. Max Sänger - father of the modern caesarean section. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2003; 55(3): 127–129.
  14. Ligon BL. Penicillin: its discovery and early development. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2004; 15(1): 52–57.
  15. Mollison PL, Engelfriet P. Blood transfusion. Semin Hematol. 1999; 36(4 Suppl 7): 48–58.
  16. Cobb A, Teo UL, To M, et al. Planned out-of-hospital birth and birth outcomes. N Engl J Med. 2016; 374(22): 2190–2191.
  17. Ovaskainen K, Ojala R, Gissler M, et al. Out-of-hospital deliveries have risen involving greater neonatal morbidity: Risk factors in out-of-hospital deliveries in one University Hospital region in Finland. Acta Paediatr. 2015; 104(12): 1248–1252.
  18. Nguyen ML, Lefèvre P, Dreyfus M. Maternal and neonatal outcomes of unplanned deliveries. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2016; 45(1): 86–91.
  19. Girsen AI, Mayo JA, Lyell DJ, et al. Out-of-hospital births in California 1991-2011. J Perinatol. 2018; 38(1): 41–45.
  20. Moscovitz HC, Magriples U, Keissling M, et al. Care and outcome of out-of-hospital deliveries. Acad Emerg Med. 2000; 7(7): 757–761.
  21. McLelland G, McKenna L, Morgans A, et al. Epidemiology of unplanned out-of-hospital births attended by paramedics. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018; 18(1): 15.
  22. Javaudin F, Legrand A, Pes P, et al. Response to letter to the editor: "comment on unplanned out-of-hospital birth and risk factors of adverse perinatal outcome: findings from a prospective cohort". Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2019; 27(1): 59.
  23. Thornton CE, Dahlen HG. Born before arrival in NSW, Australia (2000-2011): a linked population data study of incidence, location, associated factors and maternal and neonatal outcomes. BMJ Open. 2018; 8(3): e019328.
  24. Viisainen K, Gissler M, Hartikainen AL, et al. Accidental out-of-hospital births in Finland, incidence and geographical distribution 1963-1995. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2003; 78(5): 372–378.
  25. Pirneskoski J, Peräjoki K, Nuutila M, et al. Urgent EMS managed out-of-hospital delivery dispatches in Helsinki. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016; 24: 94.
  26. Narang M, Kaushik JS, Sharma AK, et al. Predictors of mortality among the neonates transported to referral centre in Delhi, India. Indian J Public Health. 2013; 57(2): 100–104.
  27. Kaewkiattikun K. Birth before Arrival at Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital. J Urban Med. 2018; 62(4).
  28. Khupakonke S, Beke A, Amoko DHA. Maternal characteristics and birth outcomes resulting from births before arrival at health facilities in Nkangala District, South Africa: a case control study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017; 17(1): 401.
  29. Hiraizumi Y, Suzuki S. Birth before arrival at a hospital in eastern Tokyo, Japan. J Nippon Med Sch. 2011; 78(5): 334–335.
  30. Sebghati M, Chandraharan E. An update on the risk factors for and management of obstetric haemorrhage. Womens Health (Lond). 2017; 13(2): 34–40.
  31. Bischoff M, Buckle J. The ‘M’ technique for pregnancy, labor and post-partum. International Journal of Childbirth Education. 2014; 29(4): 43.
  32. Svedberg E, Strömbäck U, Engström Å. Women's experiences of unplanned pre-hospital births: A pilot study. Int Emerg Nurs. 2020; 51: 100868.
  33. Vik ES, Haukeland GT, Dahl B. Women's experiences with giving birth before arrival. Midwifery. 2016; 42: 10–15.
  34. Flanagan B, Lord B, Barnes M. Is unplanned out-of-hospital birth managed by paramedics 'infrequent', 'normal' and 'uncomplicated'? BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017; 17(1): 436.
  35. Escobar M, Nassar A, Theron G, et al. FIGO recommendations on the management of postpartum hemorrhage 2022. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2022; 157(S1): 3–50.
  36. McLelland G, McKenna L, Morgans A, et al. Epidemiology of unplanned out-of-hospital births attended by paramedics. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018; 18(1): 15.