Vol 92, No 12 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-07-06

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Did the SARS-CoV-2 effect pregnancy complications?

Ozge Yucel Celik1, Şevki Çelen1, Yaprak Engin Üstün1
Pubmed: 34263916
Ginekol Pol 2021;92(12):872-877.


Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of SARS-CoV-2 on pregnancy complications, which increased compared to the same period before the pandemic.
Material and methods: This prospective study was conducted at Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women›s Health Practices & Research Center between June 2020 and July 2020. The asymptomatic term PROM and miscarriage pregnant women were screened for SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2) positivity by using IgM and IgG antibody tests. All the positive cases were confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). All the patients answered 12 questions to determine their approach to COVID-19.
Results: Four of the 205 (2%) term PROM patients had positive anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM antibody tests, one of the 205 (0.5%) term PROM patients had a positive anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody test, and one of the 205 (% 0.5) term PROM patients had positive anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibody tests. All 230 miscarriage patients had negative IgM/IgG antibody tests. Four of the positive antibody cases had positive RT-PCR tests (2%) and were referred to a pandemic hospital. The patients thought that 93.2% and 95.6% of pregnant women with term PROM and miscarriage, respectively, SARS-CoV-2 would infect themselves, and 89.8% and 92.6%, respectively, would infect their children. The number of patients who would not consider pregnancy if they were not pregnant during this period was significantly higher in the term PROM (48.3%) compared to the miscarriage (27.8%) patients (p < 0.005).
Conclusions: No COVID-19 cases were determined in the asymptomatic miscarriage patients. In the asymptomatic term PROM patients, the effects of COVID were not observed.

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