Vol 91, No 10 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-10-02

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Secondary Postpartum Haemorrhage following vaginal delivery — a 3-year survey of causes and management

Dina Akeel Salman1, Reshed Zeki Obeid2, Zainab Abdul Ameer Jaafar1
Pubmed: 33184829
Ginekol Pol 2020;91(10):607-612.


Objectives: Secondary postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a serious complication of childbirth and a life-threatening condition
that may lead to infertility amongst women during the reproductive age groups.
The objective of this study is to highlight the underlying causes of secondary PPH and outcomes for patients who delivered
vaginally, with the aim of reducing maternal mortality and morbidity.
Material and methods: This is a prospective cohort study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
at AL-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. The study was conducted over a 3-year period from December 2015 to
December 2018. Women who delivered vaginally with a gestational age of at least 24 weeks, with no previous caesarean or
uterine scars, who were admitted to the hospital complaining of bleeding from their genital tracts after 24 hours of delivery,
but prior to 6 weeks from delivery, were enrolled in the study. Patients received resuscitative measures and medical treatment
and were observed regarding their response to medical treatment and whether they required surgical intervention.
Types of management were also evaluated, and histopathological reviews were gathered and recorded for those who
needed retained pieces of product evacuated or hysterectomies.
Results: Two hundred cases were analysed; the incidence of severe secondary postpartum haemorrhage was 60 per
10,000 deliveries. Endometritis was the leading cause (64% of patients), followed by retained placental pieces (13.5%);
emergency hysterectomy was performed in 34.5% of patients. This study is novel because it is the first to shed light on
secondary postpartum haemorrhage in unscarred uteri in Iraq.
Conclusions: Endometritis was the most common cause of secondary postpartum haemorrhage, and emergency hysterectomy
was the most common strategy of treatment.

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