open access

Vol 87, No 4 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2016-05-23
Get Citation

Ultrasonographic features and CA125 levels of hormonally active ovarian tumors

Sebastian Szubert, Artur Łojewski, Rafał Moszyński, Arkadiusz Lisowski, Stefan Sajdak, Dariusz Szpurek
DOI: 10.17772/gp/62201
·
Pubmed: 27321095
·
Ginekol Pol 2016;87(4):254-259.

open access

Vol 87, No 4 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2016-05-23

Abstract

Objectives: Subjective ultrasonographic assessment is currently considered to be the best method of differentiation between various types of ovarian tumors. The aim of the study was to evaluate selected ultrasonographic features and CA125 levels of hormonally active ovarian tumors.

Material and methods: A total of 1135 women with ovarian tumors were diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 at the Division of Gynecologic Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Within these tumors, there were 60 hormone-secreting ovarian tumors, including: 20 granulosa cell tumors, 28 fibrothecomas, 10 dysgerminomas, 2 struma ovarii, and 9 metastatic ovarian tumors. The tumors were evaluated by ultrasonography according to the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group criteria. Additionally, we evaluated serum CA125 levels in all patients.

Results: Granulosa cell tumors occurred most frequently as large unilocular-solid cysts, moderately to highly vascularized, with low-resistance vascularization. Dysgerminomas were predominantly large unilocular-solid cysts or purely solid tumors, with minimal to moderate low-resistance vascularization. Fibrothecomas were solid masses with minimal, high-resistance vascularization. Struma ovarii occurred as small, solid masses with abundant, highresistance vascularization. Metastatic ovarian tumors presented mainly as multilocular-solid tumors with strong, low-resistance vascularization. Papillary projections were most frequently observed in metastatic tumors and granulosa cell tumors in 56% and 50% of the cases respectively, although only half of granulosa cell tumors papillary projections exceeded 3 mm. Elevated CA125 levels were found only in metastatic ovarian tumors.

Conclusions: Hormonally active ovarian tumors present several ultrasonographic features which may facilitate preoperative diagnosis.

Abstract

Objectives: Subjective ultrasonographic assessment is currently considered to be the best method of differentiation between various types of ovarian tumors. The aim of the study was to evaluate selected ultrasonographic features and CA125 levels of hormonally active ovarian tumors.

Material and methods: A total of 1135 women with ovarian tumors were diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 at the Division of Gynecologic Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Within these tumors, there were 60 hormone-secreting ovarian tumors, including: 20 granulosa cell tumors, 28 fibrothecomas, 10 dysgerminomas, 2 struma ovarii, and 9 metastatic ovarian tumors. The tumors were evaluated by ultrasonography according to the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group criteria. Additionally, we evaluated serum CA125 levels in all patients.

Results: Granulosa cell tumors occurred most frequently as large unilocular-solid cysts, moderately to highly vascularized, with low-resistance vascularization. Dysgerminomas were predominantly large unilocular-solid cysts or purely solid tumors, with minimal to moderate low-resistance vascularization. Fibrothecomas were solid masses with minimal, high-resistance vascularization. Struma ovarii occurred as small, solid masses with abundant, highresistance vascularization. Metastatic ovarian tumors presented mainly as multilocular-solid tumors with strong, low-resistance vascularization. Papillary projections were most frequently observed in metastatic tumors and granulosa cell tumors in 56% and 50% of the cases respectively, although only half of granulosa cell tumors papillary projections exceeded 3 mm. Elevated CA125 levels were found only in metastatic ovarian tumors.

Conclusions: Hormonally active ovarian tumors present several ultrasonographic features which may facilitate preoperative diagnosis.

Get Citation

Keywords

ovarian neoplasm; ultrasonography; CA125; ovarian cancer

About this article
Title

Ultrasonographic features and CA125 levels of hormonally active ovarian tumors

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 87, No 4 (2016)

Pages

254-259

Published online

2016-05-23

DOI

10.17772/gp/62201

Pubmed

27321095

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2016;87(4):254-259.

Keywords

ovarian neoplasm
ultrasonography
CA125
ovarian cancer

Authors

Sebastian Szubert
Artur Łojewski
Rafał Moszyński
Arkadiusz Lisowski
Stefan Sajdak
Dariusz Szpurek

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl