Vol 78, No 3 (2007)

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The analysis of the uterine cervix biocenosis in pregnant women

Wojciech Kazimierak, Arkadiusz Świerczewski, Urszula Kowalska-Koprek, Agata Karowicz-Bilińska, Marlena Berner-Trąbska, Zbigniew Nowak, Ewa Kuś
Ginekol Pol 2007;78(3).


Objectives: Infections of the vagina and the uterine cervix are some of the most frequently diagnosed and treated complications during pregnancy. Aims: The aim of the study was to carry out biocenosis of the uterine cervix among pregnant women and the assessment of the resistance of the previously isolated types of bacteria to antibiotics. Material and methods: The study was done in a group of 244 pregnant women, aged from 17 to 43, hospitalized and treated for various reasons in the Department of Pathology of Pregnancy at Medical University in ,ode. The biocenosis of the uterine cervix and the results of microbiological bacterial culture have been analyzed and the sensitivity of bacterial flora on the applied antibiotics has been assessed. Results: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis were the most frequent bacteria found in the smear from the uterine cervix. Negative culture was obtained in 2 % of the pregnant women. The most frequently observed resistance to antibiotics manifested itself in case of amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin, erythromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycin. The bacteria showed least resistance to cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. Staphylococcus epidermidis showed the highest resistance to antibiotics in general. Conclusions: In cases of bacterial vaginal infections, with unknown sensitivity to bacteria, treatment the use of cephalosporins is highly recommended.

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