Vol 79, No 1 (2008)

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Diaphragmatic hernia in Reference Hospital ICZMP – diagnostic problems and outcome

Andrzej Chilarski, Lucjusz Jakubowski, Andrzej Kulig, Tadeusz Biegański, Iwona Maroszyńska, Grzegorz Krasomski, Przemysław Oszukowski, Jan Wilczyński, Krzysztof Szaflik, Joanna Janiszewska-Skorupa, Sebastian Foryś, Maria Respondek-Liberska
Ginekol Pol 2008;79(1).


Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze US/ECHO examinations in fetuses with diaphragmatic hernia (DH) diagnosed and treated in our institution from 1994-2006, and their follow-up. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of the data base from Department for Diagnoses & Prevention of Fetal Malformations, Research Institute of the Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital: 14 481 fetal echo/ultrasound examinations in 10 077 fetuses have been analyzed to retrieve 115 fetuses with DH. Results: The mean gestational age at the targeted US/ECHO examination was 30 wks. There were 8 terminations of pregnancies (at mean 21 wks), 6 intrauterine demises, 60 neonatal deaths after delivery (in 1-3rd day of postnatal life), 8 deaths after surgery, 19 neonates were discharged home and in 14 cases the follow-up could not be monitored. The most common anomalies accompanying DH have been central nervous system anomalies (20%), polyhydramnion (16%) and cong heart defects (10%). In this subgroup, there was 100% mortality. Isolated DH has been diagnosed in every third case. In this subgroup, 27 neonates had undergone surgery and the survival rate was 70%, however since 2004 there was not a single death on record. Conclusions: Late gestational age of US/ECHO examinations in our tertiary center suggests that DH has been relatively difficult to detect during ultrasound screening. DH and the other structural malformations have been a lethal disease in our series in 100%. Isolated DH was much less frequent and was present in every third case (29%), and in this group the survival rate was 70%, regardless of the way of the delivery (CS or Vaginal).

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