open access

Vol 79, No 2 (2008)
ARTICLES
Get Citation

Endometriosis in pediatric and adolescent gynecology

Violetta Skrzypulec, Agnieszka Drosdzol
Ginekol Pol 2008;79(2).

open access

Vol 79, No 2 (2008)
ARTICLES

Abstract

Abstract Endometriosis is the most common cause of chronic pelvic pain in adolescent girls (50-70%), unresponsive to treatment of oral contraceptives and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The most common symptoms of the disease are: acquired or progressive dysmenorrhea, acyclic and cyclic pain, dyspareunia (in sexually active girls), urological symptoms and gastrointestinal complaints. When evaluating an adolescent with suspected endometriosis, a gynecological examination (rectal or vaginal examination) and imaging studies (ultrasonography, magnetic resonance) should be performed. Moreover, in diagnostic process laparoscopy should be carried out in all girls and teenagers with chronic pelvic pain unresponsive to medical treatment. Initial therapy of endometriosis in adolescent girls involves: surgical methods (laparoscopy/laparotomy), hormonal pharmacotherapy (combined contraceptives, progestin-only protocols), GnRH agonists (adolescents over 16 years of age), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alternative pain therapies and psychotherapy. Early diagnosis and treatment during adolescence may decrease disease progression and prevent subsequent infertility.

Abstract

Abstract Endometriosis is the most common cause of chronic pelvic pain in adolescent girls (50-70%), unresponsive to treatment of oral contraceptives and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The most common symptoms of the disease are: acquired or progressive dysmenorrhea, acyclic and cyclic pain, dyspareunia (in sexually active girls), urological symptoms and gastrointestinal complaints. When evaluating an adolescent with suspected endometriosis, a gynecological examination (rectal or vaginal examination) and imaging studies (ultrasonography, magnetic resonance) should be performed. Moreover, in diagnostic process laparoscopy should be carried out in all girls and teenagers with chronic pelvic pain unresponsive to medical treatment. Initial therapy of endometriosis in adolescent girls involves: surgical methods (laparoscopy/laparotomy), hormonal pharmacotherapy (combined contraceptives, progestin-only protocols), GnRH agonists (adolescents over 16 years of age), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alternative pain therapies and psychotherapy. Early diagnosis and treatment during adolescence may decrease disease progression and prevent subsequent infertility.
Get Citation

Keywords

endometriosis, treatment - contraceptives - oral, treatment - GnRH agonists

About this article
Title

Endometriosis in pediatric and adolescent gynecology

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 79, No 2 (2008)

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2008;79(2).

Keywords

endometriosis
treatment - contraceptives - oral
treatment - GnRH agonists

Authors

Violetta Skrzypulec
Agnieszka Drosdzol

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl