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Vol 80, No 11 (2009)
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Studies on CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 gene polymorphisms in breast cancer patients

Wiesław H. Trzeciak, Jan Bręborowicz, Violetta Filas, Błażej Rubiś, Marta Ociepa-Zawal
Ginekol Pol 2009;80(11).

open access

Vol 80, No 11 (2009)
ARTICLES

Abstract

Abstract Background: The role of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 polymorphism in pathogenesis of breast cancer has not been fully elucidated. From three CYP1A1 polymorphisms *2A (3801T>C), *2C (2455A>G), and *2B variant, which harbors both polymorphisms, the *2A variant is potentially carcinogenic in African Americans and the Taiwanese, but not in Caucasians, and the CYP1B1*2 (355G>T) and CYP1B1*3 (4326C>G) variants might increase breast cancer risk. Although no association of any CYP3A4 polymorphisms and breast cancer has been documented, the CYP3A4*1B (392A>G) variant, correlates with earlier menarche and endometrial cancer secondary to tamoxifen therapy. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the frequency of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 polymorphisms in a sample of breast cancer patients from the Polish population and to correlate the results with the clinical and laboratory findings. Material and methods: The frequencies of CYP1A1*2A; CYP1A1*2C; CYP1B1*3; CYP3A4*1B CYP3A4*2 polymorphisms were determined in 71 patients aged 36-87, with primary breast cancer and 100 healthy individuals. Genomic DNA was extracted from the tumor, and individual gene fragments were PCR-amplified. The polymorphisms were determined by RFLP and were correlated with the patients’ TNM stage, grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor status as well as the level of c-erbB-2 protein. Results: CYP1A1 polymorphisms were more frequent in younger patients and in the patients with high level of c erbB 2 protein. No correlation between these polymorphisms and the cancer stage or grade, as well as the receptor status was demonstrated. Conclusions: CYP1A1 polymorphisms probably predispose to an earlier onset of breast cancer and might be associated with higher c-erbB-2 protein level, but further studies on a much larger group are required to substantiate our findings.

Abstract

Abstract Background: The role of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 polymorphism in pathogenesis of breast cancer has not been fully elucidated. From three CYP1A1 polymorphisms *2A (3801T>C), *2C (2455A>G), and *2B variant, which harbors both polymorphisms, the *2A variant is potentially carcinogenic in African Americans and the Taiwanese, but not in Caucasians, and the CYP1B1*2 (355G>T) and CYP1B1*3 (4326C>G) variants might increase breast cancer risk. Although no association of any CYP3A4 polymorphisms and breast cancer has been documented, the CYP3A4*1B (392A>G) variant, correlates with earlier menarche and endometrial cancer secondary to tamoxifen therapy. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the frequency of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 polymorphisms in a sample of breast cancer patients from the Polish population and to correlate the results with the clinical and laboratory findings. Material and methods: The frequencies of CYP1A1*2A; CYP1A1*2C; CYP1B1*3; CYP3A4*1B CYP3A4*2 polymorphisms were determined in 71 patients aged 36-87, with primary breast cancer and 100 healthy individuals. Genomic DNA was extracted from the tumor, and individual gene fragments were PCR-amplified. The polymorphisms were determined by RFLP and were correlated with the patients’ TNM stage, grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor status as well as the level of c-erbB-2 protein. Results: CYP1A1 polymorphisms were more frequent in younger patients and in the patients with high level of c erbB 2 protein. No correlation between these polymorphisms and the cancer stage or grade, as well as the receptor status was demonstrated. Conclusions: CYP1A1 polymorphisms probably predispose to an earlier onset of breast cancer and might be associated with higher c-erbB-2 protein level, but further studies on a much larger group are required to substantiate our findings.
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Keywords

breast cancer, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP3A4, genetic

About this article
Title

Studies on CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A4 gene polymorphisms in breast cancer patients

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 80, No 11 (2009)

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2009;80(11).

Keywords

breast cancer
CYP1A1
CYP1B1
CYP3A4
genetic

Authors

Wiesław H. Trzeciak
Jan Bręborowicz
Violetta Filas
Błażej Rubiś
Marta Ociepa-Zawal

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