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Vol 81, No 3 (2010)

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Retrospective analysis of ocular disorders and frequency of cesarean sections for ocular indications in 2000-2008 – our own experience

Maciej W. Socha, Ilona Piotrowiak, Iwona Jagielska, Anita Kazdepka-Ziemińska, Marek Szymański, Michał Duczmal, Marta Zalewska, Wiesław Szymański
Ginekol Pol 2010;81(3).


Summary 1. Evaluation of frequency of cesarean sections for ocular indications. 2. Analysis of ophthalmological disorders as indications for cesarean section. Material and methods: 4895 cesarean sections were performed (100 due to ocular indications) in the Department of Obstetrics, Female Pathology and Oncological Gynecology, between 2000 and 2008. Medical documentation was analyzed. Results: Among 4895 patients undergoing cesarean sections, 100 (2.04%) presented a written certification from an ophthalmologist suggesting this way of delivery. The frequency of c-sections due to ocular indications continued to increase between 2000-2005 and has been in decline since 2006. The most common ophthalmological disorders included myopia (57%), retinopathy (20%), glaucoma (5%), imminent retinal detachment (4%) and past retinal detachment (3%). In 45% of patients an eye pathology was the only reason for a cesarean section. Conclusion: 1. The frequency of cesarean sections due to ocular reasons in our material was 0.7%- 3.44%, average 2.04%. 2. Since 2006 the number of ocular indications for cesarean section has been decreasing. Nevertheless, it remains to be twice as high as in 2000. 3. The most common eye disorders leading to cesarean section were myopia and retinopathy. 4. In almost half of the patients the decision to conduct a cesarean section was based solely on ophthalmological indications.

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