Vol 81, No 11 (2010)
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Low back pain in pregnant wome

Marian Majchrzycki, Przemysław M. Mrozikiewicz, Piotr Kocur, Joanna Bartkowiak-Wieczorek, Marcin Hoffmann, Wanda Stryła, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, Edmund Grześkowiak
Ginekol Pol 2010;81(11).

Abstract

Pain of lumbosacral segment of the vertebral column and the pelvis concerns about 45% of all pregnant women. The change of the body posture during pregnancy is the result of gravity centre relocation, which affects the musculosceletal system. Development of the joint, ligament and myofascial dysfunctions, as well as the pain in the lumbosacral segment and the pelvis, are the most common reasons of spine pain. The aim of this review is to present the current state of knowledge about lumbar spine pain in pregnant women with special focus on the pain connected with muscular, joint and ligament disorders. Pregnancy is a serious burden for the female osteo-skeletal system. Lumbar pain with different location and intensification is the negative consequence of the position changes during pregnancy. Pharmacotherapy could be useful only in cases of intensive low back pain, with possible application of small spectrum of drugs that are safe during pregnancy. Physical therapy, including manual therapy, exercises, massage and techniques of local anesthesia are alternative methods in case of low back pain in pregnant women.

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