Vol 82, No 3 (2011)

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Doppler blood flow velocimetry in the middle cerebral artery in uncomplicated pregnancy

Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak, Tomasz Korbelak, Grzegorz H. Bręborowicz
Ginekol Pol 2011;82(3).


Abstract Objective: To determine the resistance index (RI) and pulsatility (PI) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in prediction of abnormal fetal heart rate during labor and poor fetal outcome in term pregnancy. Material and Methods: The study included 148 patients at term in uncomplicated pregnancy. Daily evaluation of blood flow in the MCA was performed and PI and RI were calculated. The last value before delivery was taken for the analysis. The predictive value of Doppler parameters has been determined in turn to predict abnormal FHR during labor and abnormal newborn condition. Evaluation included fetal CTG parameters and newborn status based on the V. Apgar scale and acid-base equilibrium in the umbilical cord blood. Then selected parameters, characterizing pregnancy and the newborn status, were compared with abnormal Doppler results. The prognostic value of Doppler indices was assessed for selected parameters determining the course of pregnancy and abnormal fetal heart rate. Results: Poor predictive value of UA PI and RI in the prediction of abnormal fetal heart rate during labor and poor fetal outcome was found. The RI in the UA presented the highest predictive value. Conclusion: PI in the MCA shows higher predictive value than RI in the detection of abnormal fetal outcome and abnormal fetal heart rate in uncomplicated pregnancy at term. However, PI indices, particularly RI in the middle cerebral artery, have low predictive value for the analyzed parameters.

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