Vol 84, No 3 (2013)
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Malignant neoplasms of the uterus in women treated with uterine artery embolization for presumed leiomyoma – description of three cases

Małgorzata Gajewska, Grzegorz Panek
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1569
Ginekol Pol 2013;84(3).

Abstract

Abstract Leiomyomas are the most common tumors of the uterus. Uterine artery embolization has been accepted as an alternative method for myomectomy or hysterectomy. However, lack of histologic conformation carries the risk of misdiagnosis of cancer so a thorough diagnostic testing is needed. Leiomyosarcomas are rare but very aggressive tumors of the uterine tract. The risk of leiomyosarcoma in myomata is very low, but it is necessary to remember about it, especially when we have no tissue for histological examination. Our report presents three cases of women diagnosed with leiomyosarcomas or endometrial cancer after uterine artery embolization for suspected symptomatic uterine fibroids. .

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