Vol 84, No 8 (2013)
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Histopathological diagnoses of adnexal masses: which parameters are relevant in preoperative assessment?

Milan Terzic, Jelena Dotlic, Natasa Brndusic, Ivana Likic, Sasa Andrijasevic, Nebojsa Arsenovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Sanja Maricic
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1627
Ginekol Pol 2013;84(8).

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess which clinical, laboratory and ultrasound characteristics of adnexal masses might predict the histopathological nature of the disease. Materials and Methods: The study involved all women treated at the Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinical Centre of Serbia for adnexal tumors between July 1, 2010 and December 31, 2011. On admission, detailed anamnestic and laboratory data were obtained, expert ultrasound scan performed and RMI was calculated for all patients. Data were related to histopathological findings and statistically analyzed. Results: The study included 540 women out of which 85 had malignant (seven diagnoses), 435 benign (seven diagnoses) and 20 borderline tumors. All types of malignant and borderline tumors were more frequent in postmenopausal women (p=0.000). Only papillary adenocarcinoma significantly more often produced early metastases (p=0.000). Ascites is a common finding in Krukenberg tumors, granulose cell tumors and papillary adenocarcinomas. There were significant differences between tumor diagnoses regarding the levels of Ca 125 and CEA, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and risk of malignancy index (RMI) (p<0.05). No significant differences were found within the group of malignant tumor types regarding the levels of all examined tumor markers, ESR as well as RMI (p>0.05). Conclusions: In the light of our results, patient age, menopausal status, blood levels of Ca 125, CEA and ESR, as well as calculated RMI, can predict the nature of adnexal masses. Unfortunately, none of the examined parameters can accurately determine the exact histopathological diagnosis of the adnexal tumor.

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