Vol 84, No 9 (2013)
ARTICLES

open access

Page views 812
Article views/downloads 1054
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Clinical symptoms and diagnostic tools that are related to infertility and hydrosalpinx formation in women with advanced stage endometriosis complicated by endometrioma

Ali Yavuzcan, Mete Caglar, Serdar Dilbaz, Yusuf Ustun, Ismail Ozdemir, Elif Yildiz, Sitki Ozbilgec, Selahattin Kumru
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1637
Ginekol Pol 2013;84(9).

Abstract

Objectives: The study included patients suffering from stage III-IV endometriosis complicated by an endometrioma (OMA). We investigated the association between age, presence of dysmenorrhea/dyspareunia, preoperative CA 125 level, size of OMA on ultrasonographic exam and infertility, as well as the risk of intraoperative detection of hydrosalpinx that was not suspected on pre-operative assessment. Materials and Methods: The study included patients with stage III-IV endometriosis complicated by OMA who underwent a laparoscopic or open surgery due to pre-diagnosis of infertility or adnexal mass. Results: Dysmenorrhea had statistically significant association with infertility (p=0.031). There was no statistically significant relation between age, dyspareunia, preoperative CA 125 level, size of OMA on ultrasonographic exam and infertility (p=0. 203, p=0.561, p=0.561 and p=0.668, respectively). No statistically significant relation was found between age, CA 125 level, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and detection of an unilateral/bilateral hydrosalpinx, that was not suspected on pre-operative assessment (p=0.179, p=0.295, p=0.895, p=0.424, respectively). There was an association between OMA size (p=0.023) and detection of unilateral/bilateral hydrosalpinx. Conclusions: Patients who desire to have children but suffer from severe dysmenorrhea must be preoperatively informed about the possibility of having stage III-IV endometriosis. Infertile patients who are about to undergo an operation, especially due to a large OMA, may turn out to have hydrosalpinx. These patients should be informed preoperatively about the possibility of having salpingectomy or the proximal tubal surgery for improving fertility.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file