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Vol 84, No 11 (2013)
ARTICLES
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Applicability of fetal renal artery Doppler values in determining pregnancy outcome and type of delivery in idiopathic oligohydramnios and polyhydramnios pregnancies

Ibrahim Akin, Ahmet Uysal, Muzaffer Sanci, Secil Kurtulmus, Cigdem Ispahi, Fatma Uysal, Ozgur Oztekin, Aysenur Cakir Gungor
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1665
·
Ginekol Pol 2013;84(11).

open access

Vol 84, No 11 (2013)
ARTICLES

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the relationship between fetal renal artery Doppler results and pregnancy outcomes in patients with idiopathic abnormal amniotic fluid indices. Material and method: A total of 110 patients without signs of fetal distress were included in the study: 31 idiopathic oligohydramnios and 29 idiopathic polyhydramnios pregnancies (study group) and 50 normal pregnancies (controls). Doppler investigation of the umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), fetal descendant thoracic aorta (DTA) and fetal renal artery (RA) was performed in all patients. Fetal RA resistive index (RI) and pulsatile index (PI) values were measured. Values pertaining to type of birth, newborn weight and APGAR scores were compared. Results: Average patient age, gravidity and week of pregnancy were 25±4, 1.6, and 37.4±1, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups as far as UA S/D, MCA S/D, DTA S/D, DTA RI, DTA PI, and RA S/D measurements were concerned. However, in the oligohydramnios group RA RI and RA PI values were significantly higher than the other two groups. Birth weight in the polyhydramnios group and cesarean section rate due to fetal distress in the oligohydramnios group were significantly higher. Conclusions: In the oligohydramnios group, without affecting fetal distress parameters, Doppler USG evaluation identified an increase in the RA resistance. Also in that group, cesarean rate due to fetal distress during labor was significantly higher than in the remaining two groups. Due to the predictive potential of values of fetal renal artery Doppler of fetal outcome further large sample-sized studies on the subject ought to be carried out.

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the relationship between fetal renal artery Doppler results and pregnancy outcomes in patients with idiopathic abnormal amniotic fluid indices. Material and method: A total of 110 patients without signs of fetal distress were included in the study: 31 idiopathic oligohydramnios and 29 idiopathic polyhydramnios pregnancies (study group) and 50 normal pregnancies (controls). Doppler investigation of the umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), fetal descendant thoracic aorta (DTA) and fetal renal artery (RA) was performed in all patients. Fetal RA resistive index (RI) and pulsatile index (PI) values were measured. Values pertaining to type of birth, newborn weight and APGAR scores were compared. Results: Average patient age, gravidity and week of pregnancy were 25±4, 1.6, and 37.4±1, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups as far as UA S/D, MCA S/D, DTA S/D, DTA RI, DTA PI, and RA S/D measurements were concerned. However, in the oligohydramnios group RA RI and RA PI values were significantly higher than the other two groups. Birth weight in the polyhydramnios group and cesarean section rate due to fetal distress in the oligohydramnios group were significantly higher. Conclusions: In the oligohydramnios group, without affecting fetal distress parameters, Doppler USG evaluation identified an increase in the RA resistance. Also in that group, cesarean rate due to fetal distress during labor was significantly higher than in the remaining two groups. Due to the predictive potential of values of fetal renal artery Doppler of fetal outcome further large sample-sized studies on the subject ought to be carried out.
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Keywords

fetal renal artery doppler, Doppler, Idiopathic oligohydramnios, Idiopathic polyhydramnios, pregnancy outcome, fetal descendant thoracic aortae

About this article
Title

Applicability of fetal renal artery Doppler values in determining pregnancy outcome and type of delivery in idiopathic oligohydramnios and polyhydramnios pregnancies

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 84, No 11 (2013)

DOI

10.17772/gp/1665

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2013;84(11).

Keywords

fetal renal artery doppler
Doppler
Idiopathic oligohydramnios
Idiopathic polyhydramnios
pregnancy outcome
fetal descendant thoracic aortae

Authors

Ibrahim Akin
Ahmet Uysal
Muzaffer Sanci
Secil Kurtulmus
Cigdem Ispahi
Fatma Uysal
Ozgur Oztekin
Aysenur Cakir Gungor

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