Vol 85, No 1 (2014)

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Clinical feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of detecting micrometastatic lymph node disease in sentinel and non-sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer: outcomes and implications

Dariusz Wydra, Marcin Liro, Szymon Wojtylak, Sambor Sawicki, Marcin Sniadecki
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1683
Ginekol Pol 2014;85(1).


Background: Lymph node (LN) micrometastatic disease has come to prominence since ultrastaging was shown to improve the quality of LN procedures in epithelial cancers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic usefulness of detecting micrometastases in sentinel (SLN) and non-sentinel LNs (nSLN) in cervical cancer. Material and methods: Twelve consecutive patients with cervical cancer stages IA to IIA, classified according to the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and divided into two groups: A (7) and B (5), with and without SLN procedure with methylene blue dye, who underwent radical hysterectomy and lymph nodes removal, were recruited for the study. All LNs were evaluated in hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemically (IHC) in ultrastaging with anti-cytokeratin AE1/AE3 antibodies. A detailed analysis was performed with regard to the technical and histopathological aspects of the procedure. Results: More LNs could be extracted and studied in group A as compared to group B (210 vs. 70, mean 30 vs. 14, respectively, p <0.0005). A total of 13 SLNs were extracted, and the identification rate was 71% (5/7 in group A). One micrometastatic LN was found in each of the groups (16% cases), but the preliminary classification of the advancement stage was changed only in 1 case from the labeled nodes group (group A - from pN0 with HE to pN1 with IHC). Conclusions: Presence or absence of metastases in SLN(s) should not be sufficient amount of information for a surgeon or an oncologist, who ought to have data about all of the removed lymph nodes (sent to ultrastaging). In order for the surgery to be performed properly, it is vital to ensure that SLNs were removed. Assessment of the N status ought to be taken into consideration in the classification according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO).

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