Vol 85, No 12 (2014)
ARTICLES

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Laparoscopic mesh procedures for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse – review of the literature

Krzysztof Gałczyński, Łukasz Nowakowski, Katarzyna Romanek-Piva, Tomasz Rechberger
DOI: 10.17772/gp/1888
Ginekol Pol 2014;85(12).

Abstract

Objectives: The main aim of the article was to describe laparoscopic mesh procedures for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse, as well as evaluate their role, outcomes and limitations. Material and methods: In February 2014, online search of English-language literature in PubMed was performed. This paper presents the analysis of reports published over the last decade that included at least 50 patients with a minimum of 12 months of follow-up. Results: Numerous laparoscopic techniques to restore proper anatomy in patients with pelvic organ prolapse have been described. Laparoscopy provides a number of important advantages, including enhanced visualization of the pelvic anatomy, reduction of adhesion formation, lower morbidity and blood loss, decreased postoperative pain, smaller incision and quicker recovery. Nonetheless, this access is technically more difficult than an open or vaginal surgery due to two-dimensional vision and decreased degrees of freedom. It requires high level of laparoscopic suturing skills and longer operative time, especially at the beginning of the learning curve. Conclusions: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, hysteropexy and lateral suspension are interesting and effective options for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse, providing a number of important advantages characteristic for endoscopic techniques.

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