open access

Vol 86, No 12 (2015)
ARTICLES
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Folate metabolism – epigenetic role of choline and vitamin B12 during pregnancy

Krzysztof Drews
DOI: 10.17772/gp/60561
·
Ginekol Pol 2015;86(12).

open access

Vol 86, No 12 (2015)
ARTICLES

Abstract

Adequate choline intake during pregnancy is essential for proper fetal development. Nowadays studies suggest that even in high income countries regular pregnant women diet does not provide the satisfactory amount of choline. Choline demand during pregnancy is high and it seems to exceed present choline intake recommendations. Moreover, lactation period also demands choline supplementation because of its high concentration in female milk. Numerous studies on animal model proved correlation between choline supplementation during pregnancy and proper fetal cognitive function development. Despite increased synthesis in maternal liver during pregnancy, choline demand is much higher than common dietary uptake. Nowadays studies as to the nutritional recommendations during pregnancy concern also vitamin B12 supplementation. Vitamin B12 deficiency may be an important risk factor of neural tube defects development. Presented article contains a review of data on proper choline and vitamin B12 uptake during pregnancy and lactation and potential results of choline and vitamin B12 poor maternal status.

Abstract

Adequate choline intake during pregnancy is essential for proper fetal development. Nowadays studies suggest that even in high income countries regular pregnant women diet does not provide the satisfactory amount of choline. Choline demand during pregnancy is high and it seems to exceed present choline intake recommendations. Moreover, lactation period also demands choline supplementation because of its high concentration in female milk. Numerous studies on animal model proved correlation between choline supplementation during pregnancy and proper fetal cognitive function development. Despite increased synthesis in maternal liver during pregnancy, choline demand is much higher than common dietary uptake. Nowadays studies as to the nutritional recommendations during pregnancy concern also vitamin B12 supplementation. Vitamin B12 deficiency may be an important risk factor of neural tube defects development. Presented article contains a review of data on proper choline and vitamin B12 uptake during pregnancy and lactation and potential results of choline and vitamin B12 poor maternal status.
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Keywords

Fetal Development, supplementation, vitamin B12, choline

About this article
Title

Folate metabolism – epigenetic role of choline and vitamin B12 during pregnancy

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 86, No 12 (2015)

DOI

10.17772/gp/60561

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2015;86(12).

Keywords

Fetal Development
supplementation
vitamin B12
choline

Authors

Krzysztof Drews

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