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Published online: 2023-06-19

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Unique branching pattern of the internal iliac artery accompanied by an supernumerary internal iliac vein

Maciej Kula1, Nicol Zielinska1, Łukasz Olewnik1, Piotr Łabętowicz1


Understanding the complex vascular anatomy of the lesser pelvis is vital in diagnostics and management of numerous pathologies in gynaecology, urology, orthopaedics and general surgery. The following case reports describes an unusual, undescribed branching pattern of the internal iliac artery with additional specific branches, as well as an unprecedented supernumerary internal iliac vein. Both clinical significance and embryology of the case are discussed.

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