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Original article
Submitted: 2021-06-03
Accepted: 2021-07-27
Published online: 2021-08-03
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Elongation pattern of styloid process in Saudi population: a factor to remember in the prevention of eagle syndrome

A. Alsweed1, B. M. Almutairi2
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0077
·
Pubmed: 34355784
Affiliations
  1. Saudi Board of Pediatric Dentistry, Saudi Commission for Health Specialties, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2021-06-03
Accepted: 2021-07-27
Published online: 2021-08-03

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of styloid process (SP) patterns in Saudi population.

Materials and methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 2010 digital panoramic radiographs (PRs) selected randomly for adult patients who visited five major hospitals in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia, PRs were examined to detect any SP elongation. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS v22.

Results: In this study, positive SP elongation was seen in 25.4% of the total cases, 14.2% and 11.2% male and female respectively. The mean age was 34.3 ± 13.9 years. Type I showed in 19.1%. Type II was seen in 1.7%. While type III came with 4.6% of the cases. Normal SP was seen in 74.7%. Patients between 30-50 years significantly more affected with type I pattern. Normal SP was reported mostly in the youngest age group 18-24 years with 31% of total cases.

Conclusions: SP has many patterns and variations that could be detected on digital PRs taken daily in most of dental clinics. Dentists should be trained to detect patients with such variation so that signs associated with Eagle syndrome are not misinterpreted.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of styloid process (SP) patterns in Saudi population.

Materials and methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 2010 digital panoramic radiographs (PRs) selected randomly for adult patients who visited five major hospitals in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia, PRs were examined to detect any SP elongation. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS v22.

Results: In this study, positive SP elongation was seen in 25.4% of the total cases, 14.2% and 11.2% male and female respectively. The mean age was 34.3 ± 13.9 years. Type I showed in 19.1%. Type II was seen in 1.7%. While type III came with 4.6% of the cases. Normal SP was seen in 74.7%. Patients between 30-50 years significantly more affected with type I pattern. Normal SP was reported mostly in the youngest age group 18-24 years with 31% of total cases.

Conclusions: SP has many patterns and variations that could be detected on digital PRs taken daily in most of dental clinics. Dentists should be trained to detect patients with such variation so that signs associated with Eagle syndrome are not misinterpreted.

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Keywords

elongated styloid process, eagle syndrome, panoramic radiograph

About this article
Title

Elongation pattern of styloid process in Saudi population: a factor to remember in the prevention of eagle syndrome

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-08-03

Page views

471

Article views/downloads

254

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0077

Pubmed

34355784

Keywords

elongated styloid process
eagle syndrome
panoramic radiograph

Authors

A. Alsweed
B. M. Almutairi

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