open access

Ahead of Print
Original article
Published online: 2021-06-14
Submitted: 2021-04-08
Accepted: 2021-05-04
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Reference luminal diameters of the carotid arteries among healthy Nigerian adults

S. P. K. Kpuduwei, E. K. Kiridi, H. B. Fawehinmi, G. S. Oladipo
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0062
·
Pubmed: 34184750

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-06-14
Submitted: 2021-04-08
Accepted: 2021-05-04

Abstract

Background: The carotid arteries serve as major blood supply to the head and neck region of the body. Understanding their structure and function in the pathogenesis of stroke and in interventional neuroradiology due to luminal stenosis, atherosclerosis and wall stiffness is paramount. Doppler ultrasound scan plays key role in the early diagnosis of the pathologies of the arteries as it is an affordable, accessible, reliable and non-invasive clinical tool. Knowing normal average diameter of the carotid arteries among healthy individuals is important in making correct clinical diagnosis in any population. The aim of the study was to determine mean diameters of the carotid arteries among healthy adult Nigerians for reference. Materials and methods: Prospectively studied 104 healthy Nigerians within the ages of 18 and 65 years by taking doppler scans of their carotid arteries (common, internal and external) on both sides and measured each diameter. Using a 95% confident level, P-value of < 0.05 was significant. Results: Of the studied population, 62 were males and 42 were females, and the average age of the subjects was 28.32 ± 9.09 years. From this study, the average luminal diameter of the common carotid artery = 0.61 ± 0.08 cm, internal carotid artery = 0.61 ± 0.08 cm and external carotid artery = 0.49 ± 0.10 cm. The results showed that although, there are differences in measurements between the two sexes (males slightly higher than females in CCA) and between right and left sides (with right side slightly higher), they are not statistically significant. Conclusions: This sonographic study on healthy Nigerian adults has given us normal reference values of the luminal diameters of the carotid arteries among Nigerians, which clinicians can make reference to, when assessing carotid artery diameters of patients in Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: The carotid arteries serve as major blood supply to the head and neck region of the body. Understanding their structure and function in the pathogenesis of stroke and in interventional neuroradiology due to luminal stenosis, atherosclerosis and wall stiffness is paramount. Doppler ultrasound scan plays key role in the early diagnosis of the pathologies of the arteries as it is an affordable, accessible, reliable and non-invasive clinical tool. Knowing normal average diameter of the carotid arteries among healthy individuals is important in making correct clinical diagnosis in any population. The aim of the study was to determine mean diameters of the carotid arteries among healthy adult Nigerians for reference. Materials and methods: Prospectively studied 104 healthy Nigerians within the ages of 18 and 65 years by taking doppler scans of their carotid arteries (common, internal and external) on both sides and measured each diameter. Using a 95% confident level, P-value of < 0.05 was significant. Results: Of the studied population, 62 were males and 42 were females, and the average age of the subjects was 28.32 ± 9.09 years. From this study, the average luminal diameter of the common carotid artery = 0.61 ± 0.08 cm, internal carotid artery = 0.61 ± 0.08 cm and external carotid artery = 0.49 ± 0.10 cm. The results showed that although, there are differences in measurements between the two sexes (males slightly higher than females in CCA) and between right and left sides (with right side slightly higher), they are not statistically significant. Conclusions: This sonographic study on healthy Nigerian adults has given us normal reference values of the luminal diameters of the carotid arteries among Nigerians, which clinicians can make reference to, when assessing carotid artery diameters of patients in Nigeria.

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Keywords

carotid artery, luminal diameter, ultrasound scan, reference values, Nigerians

About this article
Title

Reference luminal diameters of the carotid arteries among healthy Nigerian adults

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-06-14

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0062

Pubmed

34184750

Keywords

carotid artery
luminal diameter
ultrasound scan
reference values
Nigerians

Authors

S. P. K. Kpuduwei
E. K. Kiridi
H. B. Fawehinmi
G. S. Oladipo

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