open access

Ahead of Print
Original article
Published online: 2021-05-17
Submitted: 2021-04-22
Accepted: 2021-05-01
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The use of hyoid bone dimensions in age and sex estimation in a Turkish population: a cone-beam computed tomography study

E. Köse, D. Göller Bulut
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0051
·
Pubmed: 34018175

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-05-17
Submitted: 2021-04-22
Accepted: 2021-05-01

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to determine sex and age from hyoid bone morphology on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials and methods: The study sample compromised 130 CBCT images. Eight different measurements were performed for each hyoid bone. Fusion conditions were assigned to each side of the hyoid bone separately as; unfused, partially fused, and total fused.

Results: The Hyoid length (Hyd-L), width of the left proximal end (LP-W) and stature variables showed sexual dimorphism in all hyoid fusion types (p < 0.05). In young adult age group, a significant difference was found between sex and fusion types (p = 0.025). The body length (B-L) (81.35%) and stature measurements (76.25%) contributed most significantly to sex estimation.

Conclusions: Patient’s CBCT scans which enable reproducible and reliable measurements for bone tissues, can be used for forensic procedures. Hyoid bone measurements with CBCT are useful methodology for age and sex estimation in forensic sciences with high accuracy predictive rates.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to determine sex and age from hyoid bone morphology on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials and methods: The study sample compromised 130 CBCT images. Eight different measurements were performed for each hyoid bone. Fusion conditions were assigned to each side of the hyoid bone separately as; unfused, partially fused, and total fused.

Results: The Hyoid length (Hyd-L), width of the left proximal end (LP-W) and stature variables showed sexual dimorphism in all hyoid fusion types (p < 0.05). In young adult age group, a significant difference was found between sex and fusion types (p = 0.025). The body length (B-L) (81.35%) and stature measurements (76.25%) contributed most significantly to sex estimation.

Conclusions: Patient’s CBCT scans which enable reproducible and reliable measurements for bone tissues, can be used for forensic procedures. Hyoid bone measurements with CBCT are useful methodology for age and sex estimation in forensic sciences with high accuracy predictive rates.

Get Citation

Keywords

age estimation, hyoid bone fusion, hyoid bone measurement, sex estimation

About this article
Title

The use of hyoid bone dimensions in age and sex estimation in a Turkish population: a cone-beam computed tomography study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-05-17

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0051

Pubmed

34018175

Keywords

age estimation
hyoid bone fusion
hyoid bone measurement
sex estimation

Authors

E. Köse
D. Göller Bulut

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