open access

Ahead of Print
Original article
Published online: 2021-05-17
Submitted: 2021-04-16
Accepted: 2021-05-04
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Assessment of radiographic morphology of mandibular condyles: a radiographic study

A. H. Shaikh, S. Ahmed, A. R. Ahmed, G. Das, M. Taqi, S. Nisar, O. Khan
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0049
·
Pubmed: 34018177

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-05-17
Submitted: 2021-04-16
Accepted: 2021-05-04

Abstract

Background: Panoramic radiographs are the most common radiographic tool used by the dental clinicians to evaluate teeth, mandible and other related structures of the jaws. Mandibular condyle is an important anatomical landmark for facial growth, expressed in an upward and backward direction. The presentation of mandibular condyle differs widely among different group of ages and individuals.

Materials and methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from Nov 2018 to March 2019 at Dow International Dental College (DIDC) Karachi that includes radiographic evaluation of 500 mandibular condyles. All retrievable OPGs were obtained and data were extracted regarding age, gender and condylar morphology.

Results: The morphological appearances of mandibular condyle have great variation among different age groups and subjects. Normally we recognize five basic shapes i.e. Oval, Bird beak, crooked finger, diamond and mixed. Out of 250 pair of condylar heads that were evaluated, 50% were oval, 40% bird beak, 4.8% crooked finger and diamond 4.8%.

Conclusions: All four morphological types of mandibular condyles were observed and the oval shape condyles were most prevalent among both genders and all age groups. In future studies, the inclusion of other parameters and large sample size may provide unique information.

Abstract

Background: Panoramic radiographs are the most common radiographic tool used by the dental clinicians to evaluate teeth, mandible and other related structures of the jaws. Mandibular condyle is an important anatomical landmark for facial growth, expressed in an upward and backward direction. The presentation of mandibular condyle differs widely among different group of ages and individuals.

Materials and methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from Nov 2018 to March 2019 at Dow International Dental College (DIDC) Karachi that includes radiographic evaluation of 500 mandibular condyles. All retrievable OPGs were obtained and data were extracted regarding age, gender and condylar morphology.

Results: The morphological appearances of mandibular condyle have great variation among different age groups and subjects. Normally we recognize five basic shapes i.e. Oval, Bird beak, crooked finger, diamond and mixed. Out of 250 pair of condylar heads that were evaluated, 50% were oval, 40% bird beak, 4.8% crooked finger and diamond 4.8%.

Conclusions: All four morphological types of mandibular condyles were observed and the oval shape condyles were most prevalent among both genders and all age groups. In future studies, the inclusion of other parameters and large sample size may provide unique information.

Get Citation

Keywords

mandibular condyle, orthopantomogram, TMJ morphology

About this article
Title

Assessment of radiographic morphology of mandibular condyles: a radiographic study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-05-17

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0049

Pubmed

34018177

Keywords

mandibular condyle
orthopantomogram
TMJ morphology

Authors

A. H. Shaikh
S. Ahmed
A. R. Ahmed
G. Das
M. Taqi
S. Nisar
O. Khan

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