open access

Vol 81, No 2 (2022)
Original article
Submitted: 2020-12-15
Accepted: 2021-02-01
Published online: 2021-03-01
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Evaluation of olfactory bulbus volume and olfactory sulcus depth development with 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging in childhood

B. Güney1, N. Çullu1, M. Y. Özdemir1
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0022
·
Pubmed: 33749801
·
Folia Morphol 2022;81(2):307-313.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Radiology, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Medical Faculty, Muğla, Turkey

open access

Vol 81, No 2 (2022)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2020-12-15
Accepted: 2021-02-01
Published online: 2021-03-01

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to reveal the change in olfactory bulbus volume (OBV) and olfactory sulcus depth (OSD) in healthy Turkish paediatric individuals between 1 month and 18 years of age with 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), taking into account different age groups and gender factors.
Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, 190 paediatric individuals who underwent cranial MRI were evaluated. Healthy paediatric cases were divided into four groups as infantile period (first 24 months when cerebral myelinisation was completed), early childhood (2–6 years), childhood (6–12 years) and adolescence (12–18 years). OBV and OSD measurements were performed on coronal T2-weighted brain MRI by 3 Tesla magnetic resonance scan. The mean, right and left OBVs and OSDs were used for evaluation.
Results: The mean age was 9.9 ± 7.5 months for the infantile period, 4.5 ± 1.3 years for early childhood, 9.3 ± 1.7 years for childhood and 15.2 ± 1.7 years for adolescence. Mean, right and left OBV was found to be slightly larger in male children than in female children (p = 0.015, p = 0.033 and p = 0.010, respectively). There was no statistical difference between the genders for mean, right and left OSD (p = 0.559, p = 0.536 and p = 0.598, respectively). Among the age groups, the values of the 3rd and 4th groups in terms of mean, right and left OBV were higher than in the other two groups (p < 0.001). In terms of OSD, mean, right and left values were higher in group 2, 3 and 4 than in group 1 (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: These data differ by paediatric age group and gender for the development of OBV and OSD. Normal values for the paediatric age group and gender should be calculated to detect olfactory dysfunction.

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to reveal the change in olfactory bulbus volume (OBV) and olfactory sulcus depth (OSD) in healthy Turkish paediatric individuals between 1 month and 18 years of age with 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), taking into account different age groups and gender factors.
Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, 190 paediatric individuals who underwent cranial MRI were evaluated. Healthy paediatric cases were divided into four groups as infantile period (first 24 months when cerebral myelinisation was completed), early childhood (2–6 years), childhood (6–12 years) and adolescence (12–18 years). OBV and OSD measurements were performed on coronal T2-weighted brain MRI by 3 Tesla magnetic resonance scan. The mean, right and left OBVs and OSDs were used for evaluation.
Results: The mean age was 9.9 ± 7.5 months for the infantile period, 4.5 ± 1.3 years for early childhood, 9.3 ± 1.7 years for childhood and 15.2 ± 1.7 years for adolescence. Mean, right and left OBV was found to be slightly larger in male children than in female children (p = 0.015, p = 0.033 and p = 0.010, respectively). There was no statistical difference between the genders for mean, right and left OSD (p = 0.559, p = 0.536 and p = 0.598, respectively). Among the age groups, the values of the 3rd and 4th groups in terms of mean, right and left OBV were higher than in the other two groups (p < 0.001). In terms of OSD, mean, right and left values were higher in group 2, 3 and 4 than in group 1 (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: These data differ by paediatric age group and gender for the development of OBV and OSD. Normal values for the paediatric age group and gender should be calculated to detect olfactory dysfunction.

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Keywords

paediatric age, bulbus olfactorius, olfactory sulci, 3 Tesla magnetic resonance

About this article
Title

Evaluation of olfactory bulbus volume and olfactory sulcus depth development with 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging in childhood

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 81, No 2 (2022)

Article type

Original article

Pages

307-313

Published online

2021-03-01

Page views

1396

Article views/downloads

647

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0022

Pubmed

33749801

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2022;81(2):307-313.

Keywords

paediatric age
bulbus olfactorius
olfactory sulci
3 Tesla magnetic resonance

Authors

B. Güney
N. Çullu
M. Y. Özdemir

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