open access

Ahead of Print
Original article
Published online: 2021-02-09
Submitted: 2020-11-10
Accepted: 2020-12-28
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Morphometric profile in fetuses and evolution of Achilles tendon

A. Waśniewska, Ł. Olewnik, M. Polguj
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0013
·
Pubmed: 33577076

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-02-09
Submitted: 2020-11-10
Accepted: 2020-12-28

Abstract

Background: The Achilles tendon (AT) develops from the merge of the tendinous part of the gastrocnemius (GM) and soleus (SM) muscles. The AT is the structural base for the biomechanical work of the ankle joint. Understanding morphometry of the AT is crucial due to the tendon vulnerability to rupture and damage which requires further surgical repair and management. Despite its clinical significance, data concerns measurements of the AT in human fetuses are scare. The aim of our study was to assess the AT, GM and SM morphometry in human fetuses.

Materials and methods: Thirty-seven spontaneously-aborted human fetuses (17 male, 20 female) aged 18–38 weeks of gestation were examined. The morphometry of the GM, SM and AT were evaluated.

Results: No significant correlation between sex or side and size of the AT in human fetuses was observed. The only significant correlation was between sex and the length of the tendon of the SM, in 3rd trimester it was longer in male than in female. In 2nd trimester the SM muscle to tendon ratio was higher in female than in male.

Conclusions: There was no significant correlation between sex or side in size of the AT in human fetuses, probably due to scant muscle load during prenatal period.

Abstract

Background: The Achilles tendon (AT) develops from the merge of the tendinous part of the gastrocnemius (GM) and soleus (SM) muscles. The AT is the structural base for the biomechanical work of the ankle joint. Understanding morphometry of the AT is crucial due to the tendon vulnerability to rupture and damage which requires further surgical repair and management. Despite its clinical significance, data concerns measurements of the AT in human fetuses are scare. The aim of our study was to assess the AT, GM and SM morphometry in human fetuses.

Materials and methods: Thirty-seven spontaneously-aborted human fetuses (17 male, 20 female) aged 18–38 weeks of gestation were examined. The morphometry of the GM, SM and AT were evaluated.

Results: No significant correlation between sex or side and size of the AT in human fetuses was observed. The only significant correlation was between sex and the length of the tendon of the SM, in 3rd trimester it was longer in male than in female. In 2nd trimester the SM muscle to tendon ratio was higher in female than in male.

Conclusions: There was no significant correlation between sex or side in size of the AT in human fetuses, probably due to scant muscle load during prenatal period.

Get Citation

Keywords

Fetuses, Achilles tendon, calcaneal tendon, triceps suralis

About this article
Title

Morphometric profile in fetuses and evolution of Achilles tendon

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-02-09

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0013

Pubmed

33577076

Keywords

Fetuses
Achilles tendon
calcaneal tendon
triceps suralis

Authors

A. Waśniewska
Ł. Olewnik
M. Polguj

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