open access

Ahead of Print
Original article
Published online: 2020-11-17
Submitted: 2020-09-19
Accepted: 2020-11-09
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The morphometric anatomy and clinical importance of the radial artery

W. A. Alasmari
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0139
·
Pubmed: 33241849

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-11-17
Submitted: 2020-09-19
Accepted: 2020-11-09

Abstract

Background: The radial forearm flap (RFF), including the radial artery and venous components, is used for hand reconstruction surgery. Updating the knowledge of the vascular anatomy in the forearm and associated flaps, such as the RFF, is useful in bringing innovations into reconstructive surgery. This study aimed to describe the morphometric anatomy of the radial artery (RA) and the associated RFF in human cadavers.

Materials and methods: A total of 16 forearms from 8 human cadavers were dissected. The group consisted of 5 men and 3 women with a mean age at death of 59.05 ± 14.06 years. The inclusion criteria consisted of no history of trauma or surgery; thus, only apparently normal cadavers were included. The measurement of the following parameters was performed on these human cadavers: the mean diameter of the RA, the length of the RA, the average diameter of the cephalic vein, the length of the pedicle of the flap, and the average area of the radial forearm flap.

Results: In males, the mean diameter of the radial artery at the wrist was 2.58 ± 1.1 mm. In females, the mean diameter of the radial artery was 2.60 ± 0.99 mm, and the mean length of the radial artery was 20.55 ± 1.7 cm. The average diameter of the cephalic vein was 1.8 ± 0.8 mm. The length of the pedicle of the flap was 8.88 ± 1.6 cm. The average area of the radial forearm flap was 5 X 7 cm2.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates the morphometric anatomy of the RA and lateral forearm radial artery flaps in human cadavers, which could be useful in improving the success rate during transradial coronary interventions and performing complex hand injuries.

Abstract

Background: The radial forearm flap (RFF), including the radial artery and venous components, is used for hand reconstruction surgery. Updating the knowledge of the vascular anatomy in the forearm and associated flaps, such as the RFF, is useful in bringing innovations into reconstructive surgery. This study aimed to describe the morphometric anatomy of the radial artery (RA) and the associated RFF in human cadavers.

Materials and methods: A total of 16 forearms from 8 human cadavers were dissected. The group consisted of 5 men and 3 women with a mean age at death of 59.05 ± 14.06 years. The inclusion criteria consisted of no history of trauma or surgery; thus, only apparently normal cadavers were included. The measurement of the following parameters was performed on these human cadavers: the mean diameter of the RA, the length of the RA, the average diameter of the cephalic vein, the length of the pedicle of the flap, and the average area of the radial forearm flap.

Results: In males, the mean diameter of the radial artery at the wrist was 2.58 ± 1.1 mm. In females, the mean diameter of the radial artery was 2.60 ± 0.99 mm, and the mean length of the radial artery was 20.55 ± 1.7 cm. The average diameter of the cephalic vein was 1.8 ± 0.8 mm. The length of the pedicle of the flap was 8.88 ± 1.6 cm. The average area of the radial forearm flap was 5 X 7 cm2.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates the morphometric anatomy of the RA and lateral forearm radial artery flaps in human cadavers, which could be useful in improving the success rate during transradial coronary interventions and performing complex hand injuries.

Get Citation

Keywords

radial artery, radial forearm flap, vascular anatomy, forearm, radial artery graft

About this article
Title

The morphometric anatomy and clinical importance of the radial artery

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2020-11-17

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0139

Pubmed

33241849

Keywords

radial artery
radial forearm flap
vascular anatomy
forearm
radial artery graft

Authors

W. A. Alasmari

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