open access

Vol 80, No 4 (2021)
Original article
Submitted: 2020-07-31
Accepted: 2020-09-20
Published online: 2020-09-24
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Extensive pneumatisation of the sphenoid bone: anatomical investigation of the recesses of the sphenoid sinuses and their clinical importance

J. Jaworek-Troć12, J. A. Walocha1, M. Loukas3, R. S. Tubbs4, J. Iwanaga4, J. Zawiliński1, K. Brzegowy1, J. J. Zarzecki5, A. Curlej-Wądrzyk6, E. Kucharska7, F. Burdan8, P. Janda1, M. P. Zarzecki1
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0120
·
Pubmed: 33084012
·
Folia Morphol 2021;80(4):935-946.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  2. Department of Radiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  3. Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George’s University, Grenada
  4. Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, United States
  5. Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  6. Department of Integrated Dentistry, Dental Institute, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  7. Department of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Social Work, Jesuit University Ignatianum, Krakow, Poland
  8. Human Anatomy Department, Medical University, Lublin, Poland

open access

Vol 80, No 4 (2021)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2020-07-31
Accepted: 2020-09-20
Published online: 2020-09-24

Abstract

Background: There is a great variance between the extents of pneumatisation of the sphenoid sinuses that can reach beyond the body of the sphenoid bone. The purpose of this study was to find the prevalence of the recesses of the sphenoid sinuses in Polish adult population.
Materials and methods: Two hundred ninety-six computed tomography (CT) scans of patients who did not present any pathology in the sphenoid sinuses were evaluated in this retrospective analysis. Spiral CT scanner (Siemens Somatom Sensation 16) was used to glean the medical images. Standard scan procedure was applied, with Siemens CARE Dose 4D option enabled. No contrast medium was administered.
Results: In the majority of the patients (93.92%), the pneumatisation of the sphenoid sinuses expanded beyond the body of the sphenoid bone; hence, there were recesses of the sinuses present. The most common variant was the presence of two recesses — 12.84% of cases. The prevalence of all the 17 recesses was only 0.34%. Amongst the uneven recesses present, the sphenoidal rostrum’s recess (61.15% of the patients) and the inferior clinoid recess (56.42%) were the most common. Amongst the even recesses present, the lateral recess was prevalent in the majority (65.88%), whereas the posterior clinoid process’ recess was the least common (9.8%).
Conclusions: Presence of the recesses might facilitate access to the cranial fossae; hence, comprehensive evaluation of the sphenoid sinuses is of immense importance in order to avoid unnecessary drills through the hard bone, which could potentially damage the nearby neurovascular structures.

Abstract

Background: There is a great variance between the extents of pneumatisation of the sphenoid sinuses that can reach beyond the body of the sphenoid bone. The purpose of this study was to find the prevalence of the recesses of the sphenoid sinuses in Polish adult population.
Materials and methods: Two hundred ninety-six computed tomography (CT) scans of patients who did not present any pathology in the sphenoid sinuses were evaluated in this retrospective analysis. Spiral CT scanner (Siemens Somatom Sensation 16) was used to glean the medical images. Standard scan procedure was applied, with Siemens CARE Dose 4D option enabled. No contrast medium was administered.
Results: In the majority of the patients (93.92%), the pneumatisation of the sphenoid sinuses expanded beyond the body of the sphenoid bone; hence, there were recesses of the sinuses present. The most common variant was the presence of two recesses — 12.84% of cases. The prevalence of all the 17 recesses was only 0.34%. Amongst the uneven recesses present, the sphenoidal rostrum’s recess (61.15% of the patients) and the inferior clinoid recess (56.42%) were the most common. Amongst the even recesses present, the lateral recess was prevalent in the majority (65.88%), whereas the posterior clinoid process’ recess was the least common (9.8%).
Conclusions: Presence of the recesses might facilitate access to the cranial fossae; hence, comprehensive evaluation of the sphenoid sinuses is of immense importance in order to avoid unnecessary drills through the hard bone, which could potentially damage the nearby neurovascular structures.

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Keywords

sphenoid sinus, recess, anatomy, otorhinolaryngology, neurosurgery

About this article
Title

Extensive pneumatisation of the sphenoid bone: anatomical investigation of the recesses of the sphenoid sinuses and their clinical importance

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 80, No 4 (2021)

Article type

Original article

Pages

935-946

Published online

2020-09-24

Page views

2781

Article views/downloads

1058

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0120

Pubmed

33084012

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2021;80(4):935-946.

Keywords

sphenoid sinus
recess
anatomy
otorhinolaryngology
neurosurgery

Authors

J. Jaworek-Troć
J. A. Walocha
M. Loukas
R. S. Tubbs
J. Iwanaga
J. Zawiliński
K. Brzegowy
J. J. Zarzecki
A. Curlej-Wądrzyk
E. Kucharska
F. Burdan
P. Janda
M. P. Zarzecki

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