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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-04-21
Accepted: 2019-04-25
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Angiogenesis in residual cancer and roles of HIF-1α, VEGF, and MMP-9 in the development of residual cancer after radiofrequency ablation and surgical resection in rabbits with liver cancer

Haochang LI, Bixuan Zhao, Yanlong Liu, Wei Deng, Yingxia Zhang
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0059
·
Pubmed: 31106843

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-04-21
Accepted: 2019-04-25

Abstract

To investigate the changes of blood flow signal in residual cancer after ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation(RFA) treatment of rabbit liver cancer over time , and to analyze the correlation between changes in blood flow signal and changes in HIF-1α, VEGF, and MMP-9 in residual cancer tissue after RFA. One hundred and ten rabits were randomly selected ,VX2 tumor cells were implanted subcutaneously, tumor cells were implanted in liver. 90 rabits were divided into 2 groups. Group 1(untreated controls). Group 2  was surgical resection group ,tumor size, blood flow signal, Microvessel density (MVD) in liver cancer were counted, Correlation of HIF-1α, VEGF, MMP-9 mRNA and protein expressions with blood flow signal in residual cancer were observed.liver tumor was 2.3 ± 0.32 cm, significant differences in the grade of blood flow signal were noted among different time points (days 0, 3, 7, and 14) (P < 0.05). Significant differences were also observed between the surgical resection and RFA groups at the same time points (P < 0.05),The MVD in the RFA group was lower than that in the control group, but higher than that in the surgical resection group. The immunohistochemical scores for VEGF and MMP-9 in the RFA group were lower than those in the control group, but higher than those in the surgical resection group .The grade of ultrasound blood flow signal was positively correlated with the expression of two angiogenesis-related factors, VEGF and MMP-9, and the MVD in the control, RFA, and surgical resection groups. There is a higher risk of tumor recurrence with RFA than with surgical resection.

Abstract

To investigate the changes of blood flow signal in residual cancer after ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation(RFA) treatment of rabbit liver cancer over time , and to analyze the correlation between changes in blood flow signal and changes in HIF-1α, VEGF, and MMP-9 in residual cancer tissue after RFA. One hundred and ten rabits were randomly selected ,VX2 tumor cells were implanted subcutaneously, tumor cells were implanted in liver. 90 rabits were divided into 2 groups. Group 1(untreated controls). Group 2  was surgical resection group ,tumor size, blood flow signal, Microvessel density (MVD) in liver cancer were counted, Correlation of HIF-1α, VEGF, MMP-9 mRNA and protein expressions with blood flow signal in residual cancer were observed.liver tumor was 2.3 ± 0.32 cm, significant differences in the grade of blood flow signal were noted among different time points (days 0, 3, 7, and 14) (P < 0.05). Significant differences were also observed between the surgical resection and RFA groups at the same time points (P < 0.05),The MVD in the RFA group was lower than that in the control group, but higher than that in the surgical resection group. The immunohistochemical scores for VEGF and MMP-9 in the RFA group were lower than those in the control group, but higher than those in the surgical resection group .The grade of ultrasound blood flow signal was positively correlated with the expression of two angiogenesis-related factors, VEGF and MMP-9, and the MVD in the control, RFA, and surgical resection groups. There is a higher risk of tumor recurrence with RFA than with surgical resection.

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Keywords

radiofrequency ablation, HIF-1α, VEGF, MMP-9, Liver cancer

About this article
Title

Angiogenesis in residual cancer and roles of HIF-1α, VEGF, and MMP-9 in the development of residual cancer after radiofrequency ablation and surgical resection in rabbits with liver cancer

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2019-05-10

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0059

Pubmed

31106843

Keywords

radiofrequency ablation
HIF-1α
VEGF
MMP-9
Liver cancer

Authors

Haochang LI
Bixuan Zhao
Yanlong Liu
Wei Deng
Yingxia Zhang

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