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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-11
Accepted: 2019-04-24
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The determination of the pituitary gland, optic chiasm, and intercavernous distance measurements in healthy subjects according to age and gender

Sema Özandaç Polat, Fatma Yasemin Öksüzler, Mahmut Öksüzler, Ayse Gül Uygur, Ahmet Hilmi Yücel
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0058
·
Pubmed: 31106844

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-11
Accepted: 2019-04-24

Abstract

Background: This paper was undertaken to determine the morphometry of pituitary gland diameter, pituitary gland height, intercavernous distance, optic chiasm diameter and optic chiasm height in skulls of Turkish population aged between 18-60 years.

Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study in which 292 subjects were included 187 females and 105 males, ranging from 18 up to 60 years. Subjects having brain MRI in the Radiology Department. Statistical analysis were evaluated with SPSS 21.00 programme. ANOVA Test, Chi-Square Test, and Pearson Correlation analysis were used to determine the relation and significance between measurements and age group. The p<0.05 value was considered as significant.

Results: The groups were divided into five groups according to age. The overall means and standard deviations of the measurements were: pituitary gland width, 13.09±1.99 mm; pituitary gland height, 4.91±1.10 mm; intercavernous distance, 15.93±3.05 mm; optic chiasm width, 12.82±1.27 mm; and optic chiasm height, 2.80±0.49 mm in females, respectively whereas, the same measurements were 12.96±1.74 mm; 4.79±0.95 mm; 16.08±3.11 mm; 13.13±1.37 mm; 2.86±0.70 mm in males, respectively. Height of the pituitary gland reached a maximum in the 18 to 20 years of age group in both females and males, after there was a decrease in the pituitary gland height in the subsequent age groups.

Conclusions: Knowledge of the variation in the size of pituitary gland, intercavernous distance and optic chiasm is more important to evaluate the dimensions of this structures for clinical and pathological processes.

Abstract

Background: This paper was undertaken to determine the morphometry of pituitary gland diameter, pituitary gland height, intercavernous distance, optic chiasm diameter and optic chiasm height in skulls of Turkish population aged between 18-60 years.

Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study in which 292 subjects were included 187 females and 105 males, ranging from 18 up to 60 years. Subjects having brain MRI in the Radiology Department. Statistical analysis were evaluated with SPSS 21.00 programme. ANOVA Test, Chi-Square Test, and Pearson Correlation analysis were used to determine the relation and significance between measurements and age group. The p<0.05 value was considered as significant.

Results: The groups were divided into five groups according to age. The overall means and standard deviations of the measurements were: pituitary gland width, 13.09±1.99 mm; pituitary gland height, 4.91±1.10 mm; intercavernous distance, 15.93±3.05 mm; optic chiasm width, 12.82±1.27 mm; and optic chiasm height, 2.80±0.49 mm in females, respectively whereas, the same measurements were 12.96±1.74 mm; 4.79±0.95 mm; 16.08±3.11 mm; 13.13±1.37 mm; 2.86±0.70 mm in males, respectively. Height of the pituitary gland reached a maximum in the 18 to 20 years of age group in both females and males, after there was a decrease in the pituitary gland height in the subsequent age groups.

Conclusions: Knowledge of the variation in the size of pituitary gland, intercavernous distance and optic chiasm is more important to evaluate the dimensions of this structures for clinical and pathological processes.

Get Citation

Keywords

pituitary gland, optic chiasm, intercavernous distance, morphometry

About this article
Title

The determination of the pituitary gland, optic chiasm, and intercavernous distance measurements in healthy subjects according to age and gender

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2019-05-10

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0058

Pubmed

31106844

Keywords

pituitary gland
optic chiasm
intercavernous distance
morphometry

Authors

Sema Özandaç Polat
Fatma Yasemin Öksüzler
Mahmut Öksüzler
Ayse Gül Uygur
Ahmet Hilmi Yücel

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