open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-28
Accepted: 2019-04-22
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Variant course of the submental vein: a case report

Nejc Umek, Lampros Skamagkoulis, Erika Cvetko
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0056
·
Pubmed: 31106846

open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-28
Accepted: 2019-04-22

Abstract

Superficial head and neck vessels are increasingly used in surgical procedures and are especially important in facial transplantation surgeries. We report a variant course of the submental vein observed during a dissection of a 79-year-old-male embalmed cadaver: a left submental vein running caudally across the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle, separating from the course of the submental artery and emptying directly into the common facial vein in the carotid triangle. Such course may complicate submental island flap harvesting, as well as the graft manipulations and reattachment, since the vein could be damaged during the conventional procedure. This report therefore extends current knowledge of the variations of the vascular anatomy of the head and neck.

Abstract

Superficial head and neck vessels are increasingly used in surgical procedures and are especially important in facial transplantation surgeries. We report a variant course of the submental vein observed during a dissection of a 79-year-old-male embalmed cadaver: a left submental vein running caudally across the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle, separating from the course of the submental artery and emptying directly into the common facial vein in the carotid triangle. Such course may complicate submental island flap harvesting, as well as the graft manipulations and reattachment, since the vein could be damaged during the conventional procedure. This report therefore extends current knowledge of the variations of the vascular anatomy of the head and neck.

Get Citation

Keywords

anatomical variation; gracilis muscle flap; gross anatomy; submental artery; submental island flap

About this article
Title

Variant course of the submental vein: a case report

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2019-05-10

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0056

Pubmed

31106846

Keywords

anatomical variation
gracilis muscle flap
gross anatomy
submental artery
submental island flap

Authors

Nejc Umek
Lampros Skamagkoulis
Erika Cvetko

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