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Ahead of Print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-04-19
Submitted: 2019-04-01
Accepted: 2019-04-10
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New Terminologia Anatomica highlights the importance of clinical anatomy

Piotr Paweł Chmielewski
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0048
·
Pubmed: 31025701

open access

Ahead of Print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-04-19
Submitted: 2019-04-01
Accepted: 2019-04-10

Abstract

Although not all authors agree that Terminologia Anatomica merits special attention, any type of scientific terminology should be clear, exact, logical, coherent and worldwide accepted. A precise definition of every anatomical term is also crucial. New changes have recently been approved by Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) as the previous version of terminology required minor revisions. This situation offers an opportunity to take a closer look at these new and interesting modifications. It turns out that selected traditional names, such as cavitas glenoidalis, incisura scapulae, linea intermedia, femur, talus (for pertinent bones), foramen mandibulae, platysma, diaphragma, cuspis anterior, posterior et septalis, extremitas superior et inferior (ren), musculus puborectalis, ramus colli (n. facialis), arteria dorsalis nasi, sulcus (et ramus) interventricularis posterior, vena interventricularis posterior, and several modern names (Terminologia Anatomica 1998), such as hilum splenicum, hilum renale, musculus sphincter pyloricus, membrana tympanica, nucleus interpositus anterior et posterior and so forth, have been excluded from the list of official anatomical names. Moreover, Roman numerals are not used for other structures than cranial nerves. Therefore, bones and muscles are numbered with Arabic numerals, which breaks with the long tradition. Nevertheless, the new version of anatomical terminology has both strengths and limitations, which warrants further refinement.

Abstract

Although not all authors agree that Terminologia Anatomica merits special attention, any type of scientific terminology should be clear, exact, logical, coherent and worldwide accepted. A precise definition of every anatomical term is also crucial. New changes have recently been approved by Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) as the previous version of terminology required minor revisions. This situation offers an opportunity to take a closer look at these new and interesting modifications. It turns out that selected traditional names, such as cavitas glenoidalis, incisura scapulae, linea intermedia, femur, talus (for pertinent bones), foramen mandibulae, platysma, diaphragma, cuspis anterior, posterior et septalis, extremitas superior et inferior (ren), musculus puborectalis, ramus colli (n. facialis), arteria dorsalis nasi, sulcus (et ramus) interventricularis posterior, vena interventricularis posterior, and several modern names (Terminologia Anatomica 1998), such as hilum splenicum, hilum renale, musculus sphincter pyloricus, membrana tympanica, nucleus interpositus anterior et posterior and so forth, have been excluded from the list of official anatomical names. Moreover, Roman numerals are not used for other structures than cranial nerves. Therefore, bones and muscles are numbered with Arabic numerals, which breaks with the long tradition. Nevertheless, the new version of anatomical terminology has both strengths and limitations, which warrants further refinement.

Get Citation

Keywords

anatomical nomenclature, anatomical terminology, clinical anatomy, Nomina Anatomica, Terminologia Anatomica

About this article
Title

New Terminologia Anatomica highlights the importance of clinical anatomy

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2019-04-19

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0048

Pubmed

31025701

Keywords

anatomical nomenclature
anatomical terminology
clinical anatomy
Nomina Anatomica
Terminologia Anatomica

Authors

Piotr Paweł Chmielewski

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