open access

Vol 78, No 3 (2019)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-11-14
Submitted: 2018-10-08
Accepted: 2018-11-04
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Volumetric and three-dimensional examination of sella turcica by cone-beam computed tomography: reference data for guidance to pathologic pituitary morphology

L. Taner, F. Deniz Uzuner, O. Demirel, K. Güngor
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0106
·
Pubmed: 30444524
·
Folia Morphol 2019;78(3):517-523.

open access

Vol 78, No 3 (2019)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-11-14
Submitted: 2018-10-08
Accepted: 2018-11-04

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the dimensions and volume of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and methods: CBCT images of 80 Caucasian adult patients (40 males, 40 females) with normal facial appearance and occlusion taken previously for diagnostic purposes were evaluated. Two groups were constructed in accordance to gender. The volume, length, diameter, and depth of the sella turcica were measured by Romexis software programme. Mann-Whitney U test and Independent t-tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The mean lengths of the sella were 9.9 mm and 10.2 mm, depths were 9.2 mm and 8.8 mm and diameters were 12.3 mm and 12.1 mm in female and male groups, respectively. Between the genders, no statistically significant differences were found for any of the measurements. There were significantly higher values for the volume of sella turcica in males than in females (1102 ± 285.3 mm3 and 951.3 ± 278.5 mm3, respectively).

Conclusions: The dimensions of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance revealed nonsignificant differences between the genders. Individual variability in dimensions and gender differences in the volume are of importance in comparison of patients with craniofacial syndromes and aberrations. Knowledge concerning the dimensions and volume of sella turcica will be clinically relevant for a guidance to consciously realize pituitary disorders.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the dimensions and volume of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and methods: CBCT images of 80 Caucasian adult patients (40 males, 40 females) with normal facial appearance and occlusion taken previously for diagnostic purposes were evaluated. Two groups were constructed in accordance to gender. The volume, length, diameter, and depth of the sella turcica were measured by Romexis software programme. Mann-Whitney U test and Independent t-tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The mean lengths of the sella were 9.9 mm and 10.2 mm, depths were 9.2 mm and 8.8 mm and diameters were 12.3 mm and 12.1 mm in female and male groups, respectively. Between the genders, no statistically significant differences were found for any of the measurements. There were significantly higher values for the volume of sella turcica in males than in females (1102 ± 285.3 mm3 and 951.3 ± 278.5 mm3, respectively).

Conclusions: The dimensions of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance revealed nonsignificant differences between the genders. Individual variability in dimensions and gender differences in the volume are of importance in comparison of patients with craniofacial syndromes and aberrations. Knowledge concerning the dimensions and volume of sella turcica will be clinically relevant for a guidance to consciously realize pituitary disorders.

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Keywords

sella turcica size; sella turcica volume; Turkish saddle; cone-beam computed tomography; adult; gender differences

About this article
Title

Volumetric and three-dimensional examination of sella turcica by cone-beam computed tomography: reference data for guidance to pathologic pituitary morphology

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 78, No 3 (2019)

Pages

517-523

Published online

2018-11-14

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0106

Pubmed

30444524

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2019;78(3):517-523.

Keywords

sella turcica size
sella turcica volume
Turkish saddle
cone-beam computed tomography
adult
gender differences

Authors

L. Taner
F. Deniz Uzuner
O. Demirel
K. Güngor

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