open access

Vol 78, No 2 (2019)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-10-16
Submitted: 2018-08-28
Accepted: 2018-10-03
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Studies on clinical anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep (Ovis aries) in India

V. Sundaram, P. Dharani, R. Gnanadevi, R. Kavya
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0098
·
Pubmed: 30371934
·
Folia Morphol 2019;78(2):389-393.

open access

Vol 78, No 2 (2019)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-10-16
Submitted: 2018-08-28
Accepted: 2018-10-03

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to study the clinical anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep through the morphometric analysis of some clinically important parameters pertaining to the regional anaesthesia. 

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in 20 male and 20 female adult Madras Red sheep around 20–25 kg body weight. Eleven parameters re- lated to the clinical regional anaesthesia of the maxillofacial and the mandibular regions were recorded. 

Results: The distance between the facial tuberosity to the infraorbital canal was 2.25 ± 0.14 cm in males and 2.14 ± 0.15 cm in females. The distance from the infraorbital canal to the root of the alveolar tooth was 1.73 ± 0.28 cm in males and 1.73 ± 0.13 cm in females. The length and height of the mandibles were 15.37 ± 0.56 cm, 9.00 ± 0.24 cm and in males 14.53 ± 0.24 cm, 9.68 ± 0.16 cm in females, respectively. The maximum height of the mandible to the coro- noid process, width or height of the mandibular foramen and the distance from the condyloid process to the base of the mandible were recorded as 9.0 ± 24, 0.82 ± 0.05, 6.68 ± 0.19 cm in males and 9.68 ± 0.16, 0.83 ± 0.04, 6.25 ± ± 0.28 cm in females, respectively. 

Conclusions: The present study revealed that most of the parameters showed statistically significant difference between the sexes i.e. the males had higher values. However, from the practical point of view, these differences were meagre. The results were discussed with regard to their clinical applications in various regional anaesthesia performed in maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep. 

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to study the clinical anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep through the morphometric analysis of some clinically important parameters pertaining to the regional anaesthesia. 

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in 20 male and 20 female adult Madras Red sheep around 20–25 kg body weight. Eleven parameters re- lated to the clinical regional anaesthesia of the maxillofacial and the mandibular regions were recorded. 

Results: The distance between the facial tuberosity to the infraorbital canal was 2.25 ± 0.14 cm in males and 2.14 ± 0.15 cm in females. The distance from the infraorbital canal to the root of the alveolar tooth was 1.73 ± 0.28 cm in males and 1.73 ± 0.13 cm in females. The length and height of the mandibles were 15.37 ± 0.56 cm, 9.00 ± 0.24 cm and in males 14.53 ± 0.24 cm, 9.68 ± 0.16 cm in females, respectively. The maximum height of the mandible to the coro- noid process, width or height of the mandibular foramen and the distance from the condyloid process to the base of the mandible were recorded as 9.0 ± 24, 0.82 ± 0.05, 6.68 ± 0.19 cm in males and 9.68 ± 0.16, 0.83 ± 0.04, 6.25 ± ± 0.28 cm in females, respectively. 

Conclusions: The present study revealed that most of the parameters showed statistically significant difference between the sexes i.e. the males had higher values. However, from the practical point of view, these differences were meagre. The results were discussed with regard to their clinical applications in various regional anaesthesia performed in maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep. 

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Keywords

clinical anatomy; Madras Red sheep; maxillofacial region; mandible

About this article
Title

Studies on clinical anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep (Ovis aries) in India

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 78, No 2 (2019)

Pages

389-393

Published online

2018-10-16

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0098

Pubmed

30371934

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2019;78(2):389-393.

Keywords

clinical anatomy
Madras Red sheep
maxillofacial region
mandible

Authors

V. Sundaram
P. Dharani
R. Gnanadevi
R. Kavya

References (14)
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