Vol 74, No 4 (2015)
Review article
Published online: 2015-11-26

open access

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Immunophilin ligands in peripheral nerve regeneration

Y. Behram Kandemir, L. Sarikcioglu
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2015.0100
Pubmed: 26620498
Folia Morphol 2015;74(4):407-413.


Immunophilins are a family of receptors for immunosuppressive drugs like cyclo­sporin A, FK506, rapamycin and their non-immunosuppressive analogues, which are collectively referred to as immunophilin ligands. The present study aimed to review neuroprotective and neuroregenerative actions of immunophilin ligands on peripheral nerve injuries. The special emphasis was given to well-known immunosuppressive drug FK506. Its historical background, administration routes, dosages, neuroregenerative, neuroprotective actions, therapeutic time window in administration, action mechanism and side effects of FK506 were reviewed.