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Published online: 2024-04-25

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An unusual occurrence of a four-headed psoas major: a case report

Marta Pośnik1, Nicol Zielinska1, Konrad Kurtys1, Krzysztof Koptas1, Łukasz Olewnik1
Pubmed: 38757502


Background: While many structures within the human body demonstrate anatomical variations, this is not typically the case for the iliopsoas muscle complex. However, the present paper describes a case of an anomalous psoas major composed of four different muscular heads in a 78-year-old male cadaver. Materials and methods: During a routine dissection of the right posterior abdominal wall, an unusual psoas major was observed, measured and photographed. Results: The psoas major was found to possess four muscular heads, otherwise the anatomy of the wall was normal. Conclusions: The presence of so many heads could interfere with the functions of the psoas major muscle. Therefore this anatomical variation merits further study.

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