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Case report
Submitted: 2023-11-22
Accepted: 2024-03-15
Published online: 2024-03-18
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A case of left testicular artery with high origin passing through a left renal vein fenestration

Ebru Yılmaz1, Cem Tatar1, Aleyna Keskin1, Büşra Yalçın1, Ilke Ali Gurses2
·
Pubmed: 38512011
Affiliations
  1. Koç University School of Medicine, Davutpaşa Caddesi No:4, 34010 İstanbul, Türkiye
  2. Department of Anatomy, Koç University, School of Medicine, Koç Üniversitesi, Rumelifeneri Yolu, 34450 İstanbul, Türkiye

open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2023-11-22
Accepted: 2024-03-15
Published online: 2024-03-18

Abstract

Background: Fenestrations of are extremely rare in the venous system, especially renal veins. This paper aims to present a case of left renal vein fenestration where a high origin testicular artery passes through it. Materials and Methods The variation was observed incidentally in a 74-year-old Caucasian male cadaver during routine retroperitoneal dissections for second year medical students. Results: A fenestration in the mid portion of the left renal vein was observed. The length and height of the fenestration was 23 and 3.6 millimeters, respectively. The left testicular artery passed through the fenestration and followed a normal course distal to the fenestration. Posterior to the left renal vein, the testicular artery originated from the lateral aspect of abdominal aorta, just caudal to the left renal artery. On the right side, the testicular artery had a similar high origin, and two renal arteries were present. No venous variations were observed on the right side. Conclusions: The long course of the left renal vein is a factor of preference for donor kidney selection. Uncommon variations of the left renal veins, such as fenestrations, might result in a change in surgical technique and would put the left donor kidney at risk of prolonged anastomosis time and lower survival rates.

Abstract

Background: Fenestrations of are extremely rare in the venous system, especially renal veins. This paper aims to present a case of left renal vein fenestration where a high origin testicular artery passes through it. Materials and Methods The variation was observed incidentally in a 74-year-old Caucasian male cadaver during routine retroperitoneal dissections for second year medical students. Results: A fenestration in the mid portion of the left renal vein was observed. The length and height of the fenestration was 23 and 3.6 millimeters, respectively. The left testicular artery passed through the fenestration and followed a normal course distal to the fenestration. Posterior to the left renal vein, the testicular artery originated from the lateral aspect of abdominal aorta, just caudal to the left renal artery. On the right side, the testicular artery had a similar high origin, and two renal arteries were present. No venous variations were observed on the right side. Conclusions: The long course of the left renal vein is a factor of preference for donor kidney selection. Uncommon variations of the left renal veins, such as fenestrations, might result in a change in surgical technique and would put the left donor kidney at risk of prolonged anastomosis time and lower survival rates.

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Keywords

anatomic variation; fenestration; renal veins; left renal vein; cadaver

About this article
Title

A case of left testicular artery with high origin passing through a left renal vein fenestration

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Case report

Published online

2024-03-18

Page views

83

Article views/downloads

63

DOI

10.5603/fm.98267

Pubmed

38512011

Keywords

anatomic variation
fenestration
renal veins
left renal vein
cadaver

Authors

Ebru Yılmaz
Cem Tatar
Aleyna Keskin
Büşra Yalçın
Ilke Ali Gurses

References (15)
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