open access

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)
Case report
Submitted: 2023-09-04
Accepted: 2023-09-26
Published online: 2023-09-29
Get Citation

Superficial brachioulnar artery in man

P. Flisiński1, M. Badura1, M. Szpinda12
·
Pubmed: 37822068
·
Folia Morphol 2023;82(4):936-942.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anatomy, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  2. Medical Faculty, Academy of Applied Medical and Social Sciences, Elblag, Poland

open access

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2023-09-04
Accepted: 2023-09-26
Published online: 2023-09-29

Abstract

The individual arterial pattern of the upper limb is considerably variable (11–24%)
and relevant for intraarterial interventions performed by cardiologists, plastic
and vascular surgeons, radiologists, anaesthesiologists, transplant specialists,
orthopaedists and neurosurgeons. Arterial variants in the upper limb result from
modifications in the maintenance and regression of the initial capillary plexus,
which forms dominant arterial channels and gradually expands into the growing
upper limb bud between stages 12 and 21. In this case report we present the
superficial brachioulnar artery with its external diameter of 3 mm and length
of 525 mm, and of relevant course in the left upper limb of a 78-year-old male
Caucasian formalin-fixed cadaver. The superficial brachioulnar artery unusually
started with the superior part of axillary artery, presented the following five parts:
axillary, brachial, cubital, antebrachial and palmar, and was finally continuous with
the superficial palmar arch. The typical ulnar artery was somewhat hypoplastic
and limited to the forearm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report
in the professional literature to describe the start of the superficial brachioulnar
artery with the superior part of axillary artery. We conclude the individual arterial
pattern of the upper limb to be indispensably recognised preoperatively, so as
to circumvent any unwanted injuries to the superficial brachioulnar artery that
is considerably large, overlies the antebrachial fascia and supplies the superficial
palmar arch.

Abstract

The individual arterial pattern of the upper limb is considerably variable (11–24%)
and relevant for intraarterial interventions performed by cardiologists, plastic
and vascular surgeons, radiologists, anaesthesiologists, transplant specialists,
orthopaedists and neurosurgeons. Arterial variants in the upper limb result from
modifications in the maintenance and regression of the initial capillary plexus,
which forms dominant arterial channels and gradually expands into the growing
upper limb bud between stages 12 and 21. In this case report we present the
superficial brachioulnar artery with its external diameter of 3 mm and length
of 525 mm, and of relevant course in the left upper limb of a 78-year-old male
Caucasian formalin-fixed cadaver. The superficial brachioulnar artery unusually
started with the superior part of axillary artery, presented the following five parts:
axillary, brachial, cubital, antebrachial and palmar, and was finally continuous with
the superficial palmar arch. The typical ulnar artery was somewhat hypoplastic
and limited to the forearm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report
in the professional literature to describe the start of the superficial brachioulnar
artery with the superior part of axillary artery. We conclude the individual arterial
pattern of the upper limb to be indispensably recognised preoperatively, so as
to circumvent any unwanted injuries to the superficial brachioulnar artery that
is considerably large, overlies the antebrachial fascia and supplies the superficial
palmar arch.

Get Citation

Keywords

superficial brachioulnar artery, superficial ulnar artery, axial artery, arterial variants, variant origin of ulnar artery, upper limb, Rodriguez-Niedenführ classification

About this article
Title

Superficial brachioulnar artery in man

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)

Article type

Case report

Pages

936-942

Published online

2023-09-29

Page views

721

Article views/downloads

327

DOI

10.5603/fm.97261

Pubmed

37822068

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2023;82(4):936-942.

Keywords

superficial brachioulnar artery
superficial ulnar artery
axial artery
arterial variants
variant origin of ulnar artery
upper limb
Rodriguez-Niedenführ classification

Authors

P. Flisiński
M. Badura
M. Szpinda

References (31)
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