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Original article
Submitted: 2023-08-17
Accepted: 2023-10-16
Published online: 2023-10-30
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The complete anatomy of the transverse facial artery: a computed tomography angiography analysis

Mateusz Trzeciak1, Alicia del Carmen Yika1, Kinga Glądys1, Patryk Ostrowski12, Michał Bonczar12, Michał Goncerz1, Wadim Wojciechowski3, Mateusz Koziej12, Jerzy Walocha12, Artur Pasternak1
·
Pubmed: 37957940
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  2. Youthoria, Youth Research Organization, Krakow, Poland
  3. Department of Radiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2023-08-17
Accepted: 2023-10-16
Published online: 2023-10-30

Abstract

Background: The transverse facial artery (TFA) provides blood supply to various structures of the lateral face, including the parotid gland, parotid duct, masseter muscle, and facial skin. Knowledge about its anatomy is of utmost importance in various plastic and reconstructive procedures.

Materials and methods: The results of 55 (110 hemifaces) consecutive patients who underwent head and neck computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the Department of Radiology of the Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland, were evaluated in July 2022.

Results: TFA was found to originate from STA in 84 of the cases (95.5%), whereas from ECA only in 4 of the cases (4.5%). Median length of the TFA was found to be 43.39 mm (LQ = 38.53 ; UQ = 46.37). The median TFA diameter, at its origin, was established at 2.26 mm (LQ = 1.93 ; UQ = 2.54). Median TFA cross-sectional area, at its origin, was set to be 2.54 mm (LQ = 1.67 ; UQ = 3.10).

Conclusions: The TFA has an important role in the arterial blood supply to the face, and the present study has demonstrated its stable prevalence in the lateral face region. The most frequent origin of the artery was from the STA; however, it also originated from the ECA in some cases. Moreover, the topographic relationships between the TFA and nearby arteries and anatomical landmarks were measured and analyzed.

Abstract

Background: The transverse facial artery (TFA) provides blood supply to various structures of the lateral face, including the parotid gland, parotid duct, masseter muscle, and facial skin. Knowledge about its anatomy is of utmost importance in various plastic and reconstructive procedures.

Materials and methods: The results of 55 (110 hemifaces) consecutive patients who underwent head and neck computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the Department of Radiology of the Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland, were evaluated in July 2022.

Results: TFA was found to originate from STA in 84 of the cases (95.5%), whereas from ECA only in 4 of the cases (4.5%). Median length of the TFA was found to be 43.39 mm (LQ = 38.53 ; UQ = 46.37). The median TFA diameter, at its origin, was established at 2.26 mm (LQ = 1.93 ; UQ = 2.54). Median TFA cross-sectional area, at its origin, was set to be 2.54 mm (LQ = 1.67 ; UQ = 3.10).

Conclusions: The TFA has an important role in the arterial blood supply to the face, and the present study has demonstrated its stable prevalence in the lateral face region. The most frequent origin of the artery was from the STA; however, it also originated from the ECA in some cases. Moreover, the topographic relationships between the TFA and nearby arteries and anatomical landmarks were measured and analyzed.

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Keywords

transverse facial artery, face, plastic surgery, perforator flap, surgery

About this article
Title

The complete anatomy of the transverse facial artery: a computed tomography angiography analysis

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2023-10-30

Page views

257

Article views/downloads

264

DOI

10.5603/fm.97002

Pubmed

37957940

Keywords

transverse facial artery
face
plastic surgery
perforator flap
surgery

Authors

Mateusz Trzeciak
Alicia del Carmen Yika
Kinga Glądys
Patryk Ostrowski
Michał Bonczar
Michał Goncerz
Wadim Wojciechowski
Mateusz Koziej
Jerzy Walocha
Artur Pasternak

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