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Original article
Submitted: 2023-07-26
Accepted: 2023-10-23
Published online: 2023-11-08
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The superior gluteal artery and the posterior division of the internal iliac artery: an analysis of their complete anatomy

Kamil Gabryszuk1, Jakub Gliwa23, Martyna Dziedzic23, Alicia del Carmen Yika23, Patryk Ostrowski23, Michał Bonczar23, Michał Kłosiński2, Wadim Wojciechowski4, Jerzy Walocha23, Mateusz Koziej23
·
Pubmed: 37957934
Affiliations
  1. Chiroplastica — The Lower Silesian Center of Hand Surgery and Aesthetic Medicine, Wroclaw, Poland
  2. Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  3. Youthoria, Youth Research Organization, Krakow, Poland
  4. Department of Radiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2023-07-26
Accepted: 2023-10-23
Published online: 2023-11-08

Abstract

Background: The superior gluteal artery (SGA) is the largest, terminating branch of the internal iliac artery (IIA). Knowledge about the anatomy of the SGA is extremely important when performing numerous reconstructive and endovascular procedures. Materials and methods: The results of 75 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic computed tomography angiography (CTA) were analyzed. Results: A total of 145 SGA were analyzed. The origin variation of each SGA was deeply analyzed. Type O1 occurred in 79 SGA (56.4%). Furthermore, analogously, a branching pattern types were also established. Initially 19 branching variations were evaluated, of which types 1-7 constituted 76.5%. The median SGA length was set to be 54.88 mm (LQ = 49.63 ; HQ = 63.26). The median SGA origin diameter, in cases of SGA originating from PDIIA was set to be 6.27 mm (LQ = 5.56 ; HQ = 6.87). Conclusions: The origin of the said artery showed a low grade of variability, and the most prevalent origin type of the SGA was similar to the one presented by the major anatomical textbooks, namely, the PDIIA. However, the branching pattern of the SGA was highly variable. To present the anatomy of the SGA in a clear and straight-forward way, novel classification systems of the origin and branching patterns were made. Furthermore, the morphometric properties of the branches of the PDIIA were analyzed. It is hoped that the results of the present study may be useful for physicians performing numerous reconstructive and endovascular procedures.

Abstract

Background: The superior gluteal artery (SGA) is the largest, terminating branch of the internal iliac artery (IIA). Knowledge about the anatomy of the SGA is extremely important when performing numerous reconstructive and endovascular procedures. Materials and methods: The results of 75 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic computed tomography angiography (CTA) were analyzed. Results: A total of 145 SGA were analyzed. The origin variation of each SGA was deeply analyzed. Type O1 occurred in 79 SGA (56.4%). Furthermore, analogously, a branching pattern types were also established. Initially 19 branching variations were evaluated, of which types 1-7 constituted 76.5%. The median SGA length was set to be 54.88 mm (LQ = 49.63 ; HQ = 63.26). The median SGA origin diameter, in cases of SGA originating from PDIIA was set to be 6.27 mm (LQ = 5.56 ; HQ = 6.87). Conclusions: The origin of the said artery showed a low grade of variability, and the most prevalent origin type of the SGA was similar to the one presented by the major anatomical textbooks, namely, the PDIIA. However, the branching pattern of the SGA was highly variable. To present the anatomy of the SGA in a clear and straight-forward way, novel classification systems of the origin and branching patterns were made. Furthermore, the morphometric properties of the branches of the PDIIA were analyzed. It is hoped that the results of the present study may be useful for physicians performing numerous reconstructive and endovascular procedures.

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Keywords

superior gluteal artery, plastic surgery, superior gluteal artery perforator flap, surgery, anatomy

About this article
Title

The superior gluteal artery and the posterior division of the internal iliac artery: an analysis of their complete anatomy

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2023-11-08

Page views

183

Article views/downloads

164

DOI

10.5603/fm.96695

Pubmed

37957934

Keywords

superior gluteal artery
plastic surgery
superior gluteal artery perforator flap
surgery
anatomy

Authors

Kamil Gabryszuk
Jakub Gliwa
Martyna Dziedzic
Alicia del Carmen Yika
Patryk Ostrowski
Michał Bonczar
Michał Kłosiński
Wadim Wojciechowski
Jerzy Walocha
Mateusz Koziej

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