open access

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)
Original article
Submitted: 2022-09-05
Accepted: 2022-10-21
Published online: 2022-10-28
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Morphological evaluation and clinical significance of the supracondylar process and supratrochlear foramen: an anatomic and radiological study

Z. K. Coşkun1, A. Erkaya2, T. Kuçlu3, T. V. Peker1, F. N. Baran Aksakal3
·
Pubmed: 36385429
·
Folia Morphol 2023;82(4):869-874.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
  2. Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Lokman Hekim University, Ankara, Turkey
  3. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

open access

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2022-09-05
Accepted: 2022-10-21
Published online: 2022-10-28

Abstract

Background: In our literature review, we did not encounter any study examining
the supracondylar process (SP) and the supratrochlear foramen (STF) with
a three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method. The present study aimed to
evaluate SP and STF morphologically by employing the 3D reconstruction method
and emphasize their clinical significance.
Materials and methods: The research was carried out on dried human humeri
of unknown sex and without pathological alterations. A total of 81 humeri
(42 right, 39 left) were obtained from the Departments of Anatomy of Gazi
University Faculty of Medicine and Lokman Hekim University Faculty of Medicine.
The morphometric measurements of SP and STF were made with a digital vernier
calliper. The computed tomography images acquired for radiological evaluation
were analysed with the 3D reconstruction method.
Results: The narrower distal medullary canal widths of humeri with STF were
found to be statistically significant. No statistically significant difference was found
between the transverse diameters (TD), vertical diameters (VD), the distance of
the medial edge to the medial epicondyle, and the distance of the lateral edge to
the lateral epicondyle of the supratrochlear foramen of the right and left humeri.
Conclusions: The supracondylar process is often evaluated by mistake as
a pathological condition of the bone, not as a normal anatomical variation.
Knowing different shapes and dimensions, e.g. the TD and VD distance in which
STF emerges, can assist in avoiding the misinterpretation of radiographs.

Abstract

Background: In our literature review, we did not encounter any study examining
the supracondylar process (SP) and the supratrochlear foramen (STF) with
a three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method. The present study aimed to
evaluate SP and STF morphologically by employing the 3D reconstruction method
and emphasize their clinical significance.
Materials and methods: The research was carried out on dried human humeri
of unknown sex and without pathological alterations. A total of 81 humeri
(42 right, 39 left) were obtained from the Departments of Anatomy of Gazi
University Faculty of Medicine and Lokman Hekim University Faculty of Medicine.
The morphometric measurements of SP and STF were made with a digital vernier
calliper. The computed tomography images acquired for radiological evaluation
were analysed with the 3D reconstruction method.
Results: The narrower distal medullary canal widths of humeri with STF were
found to be statistically significant. No statistically significant difference was found
between the transverse diameters (TD), vertical diameters (VD), the distance of
the medial edge to the medial epicondyle, and the distance of the lateral edge to
the lateral epicondyle of the supratrochlear foramen of the right and left humeri.
Conclusions: The supracondylar process is often evaluated by mistake as
a pathological condition of the bone, not as a normal anatomical variation.
Knowing different shapes and dimensions, e.g. the TD and VD distance in which
STF emerges, can assist in avoiding the misinterpretation of radiographs.

Get Citation

Keywords

supracondylar process, supratrochlear foramen, three-dimensional reconstruction

About this article
Title

Morphological evaluation and clinical significance of the supracondylar process and supratrochlear foramen: an anatomic and radiological study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 82, No 4 (2023)

Article type

Original article

Pages

869-874

Published online

2022-10-28

Page views

761

Article views/downloads

520

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2022.0090

Pubmed

36385429

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2023;82(4):869-874.

Keywords

supracondylar process
supratrochlear foramen
three-dimensional reconstruction

Authors

Z. K. Coşkun
A. Erkaya
T. Kuçlu
T. V. Peker
F. N. Baran Aksakal

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