open access

Vol 82, No 2 (2023)
Letter to the Editor
Submitted: 2022-03-28
Accepted: 2022-05-03
Published online: 2022-05-20
Get Citation

Unreported bilateral thoracic muscle — is it a new variant or a well-known subcostal muscle?

G. P. Georgiev1, Ł. Olewnik2
·
Pubmed: 35607872
·
Folia Morphol 2023;82(2):447.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital Queen Giovanna – ISUL, Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria
  2. Department of Anatomical Dissection and Donation, Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland

open access

Vol 82, No 2 (2023)
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Submitted: 2022-03-28
Accepted: 2022-05-03
Published online: 2022-05-20

Abstract

Not available

Abstract

Not available
Get Citation
About this article
Title

Unreported bilateral thoracic muscle — is it a new variant or a well-known subcostal muscle?

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 82, No 2 (2023)

Article type

Letter to the Editor

Pages

447

Published online

2022-05-20

Page views

2212

Article views/downloads

522

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2022.0050

Pubmed

35607872

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2023;82(2):447.

Authors

G. P. Georgiev
Ł. Olewnik

References (5)
  1. Bergman RA, Afifi AK, Miyauchi R (2022) Subcostalis. In: Illustrated encyclopedia of human anatomic variations. Available via DIALOG. https://www.anatomyatlases.org/AnatomicVariants/MuscularSystem/Text/S/44Subcostalis.shtml (Accessed 19 March 2020).
  2. Lee A, Dean C, Labagnara K, et al. A rare unreported bilateral thoracic muscle on the inferior and posteromedial aspect of the rib cage: case report and literature review. Folia Morphol. 2022 [Epub ahead of print].
  3. Macalister A. Additional observations on muscular anomalies in human anatomy (third series), with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans Roy Irish Acad. 1875; 25: 1–130.
  4. Snosek M, Loukas M. Thoracic wall muscles. In: Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M (Eds.). Bergman's comprehensive encyclopedia of human anatomic variation. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey 2016: 335–368.
  5. Standring S. Gray’s Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Elsevier, Edinburgh 2020.

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