open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-28
Accepted: 2019-04-22
Get Citation

Variant course of the submental vein

N. Umek, L. Skamagkoulis, E. Cvetko
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0056
·
Pubmed: 31106846
·
Folia Morphol 2020;79(1):176-178.

open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-05-10
Submitted: 2019-03-28
Accepted: 2019-04-22

Abstract

Superficial head and neck vessels are increasingly used in surgical procedures and are especially important in facial transplantation surgeries. We report a variant course of the submental vein observed during a dissection of a 79-year-old-male embalmed cadaver: a left submental vein running caudally across the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle, separating from the course of the submental artery and emptying directly into the common facial vein in the carotid triangle. Such course may complicate submental island flap harvesting, as well as the graft manipulations and reattachment, since the vein could be damaged during the conventional procedure. This report therefore extends current knowledge of the variations of the vascular anatomy of the head and neck.

Abstract

Superficial head and neck vessels are increasingly used in surgical procedures and are especially important in facial transplantation surgeries. We report a variant course of the submental vein observed during a dissection of a 79-year-old-male embalmed cadaver: a left submental vein running caudally across the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle, separating from the course of the submental artery and emptying directly into the common facial vein in the carotid triangle. Such course may complicate submental island flap harvesting, as well as the graft manipulations and reattachment, since the vein could be damaged during the conventional procedure. This report therefore extends current knowledge of the variations of the vascular anatomy of the head and neck.

Get Citation

Keywords

anatomical variation, gracilis muscle flap, gross anatomy, submental artery, submental island flap

About this article
Title

Variant course of the submental vein

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)

Pages

176-178

Published online

2019-05-10

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0056

Pubmed

31106846

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2020;79(1):176-178.

Keywords

anatomical variation
gracilis muscle flap
gross anatomy
submental artery
submental island flap

Authors

N. Umek
L. Skamagkoulis
E. Cvetko

References (11)
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